Hadassah

American Journal of Ophthalmology Article Celebrates the Centennial of Hadassah Ophthalmology

Tuesday, Jun 19 2018

The centennial anniversary of the Hadassah Medical Organization's Department of Ophthalmology is celebrated in the May issue of the American Journal of Ophthalmology, with an article by the immediate past director, Prof. Jacob Pe'er, and the current director, Prof. Itay Chowers.

In their extensive review of the history of Hadassah’s contribution to eye health in pre-state Israel, the authors explain how Henrietta Szold, during her 1908 visit, was so troubled by the flies in the eyes of countless children, that she vowed to tackle the problem. The medical missions she orchestrated, they report, led to the establishment of Hadassah, the Women’s Zionist Organization of America, with Ms. Szold as its founder. 

At the same time, the Hadassah physicians describe the beginnings of ophthalmology under the Ottoman Empire in 1882 when Sultan Abdul Hamid II issued permission to the British to establish an eye hospital in Jerusalem—The St. John Eye Hospital of Bethlehem. Today that hospital services the Palestinian populations of East Jerusalem, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip.

The history of Hadassah's outreach to developing nations is also highlighted in depth, from its beginnings in 1959, when Hadassah Physician Prof. Michaelson "recognized the severe need of some African countries for a professional ophthalmologic workforce." As they relate:

"In conjunction with the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, a decision was forged to export physicians so that African countries might establish departments of ophthalmology. Hadassah ophthalmologists opened or reopened 10 eye departments in Africa. The first one was in Monrovia, Liberia, followed by departments in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; Blantyre and Lilongwe, Malawi; Kigali and Butare, Rwanda; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Maseru, Lesotho; Mbabane, Swaziland; and Nakuru, Kenya. It was a requirement for each Hadassah resident to commit to serving in Africa for at least two years as a precondition to acceptance into the residency program."

The authors report also that 48 ophthalmologists from Hadassah have each spent two to four years in Africa. They have examined more than one million outpatients and performed about 200,000 vision-saving operations.

Enjoy the full article, as it traces Hadassah's pivotal contributions to ophthalmology, both in Israel and around the globe.

Comments

No comments yet.
First Name
Email
Comment
Enter this word:

Related Stories

alt_text

Tuesday, Mar 19 2019

Hadassah Genetic Research Demystifies Causes of Day Blindness in Families

Fifteen years ago, Prof. Dror Sharon joined the Hadassah Medical Organization’s Center for Retinal and Macular Degeneration to study the genetics of eye disease.

READ MORE ›
alt_text

Friday, Mar 8 2019

Quick Action at Hadassah’s Milstein Heart Center Saves Exuberant Hasidic Dancer

“You can’t dance at all the weddings” is a common Hebrew and Yiddish expression. For Mr. Cohen (not his real name), a 49-year-old teacher, the wedding of a friend’s son was an occasion to get together with classmates from his post-high school yeshiva days when he was 19. Inclined to dance with joy at weddings, this twinkle-eyed, bearded Hassid increased the tempo in the presence of his long-ago pals.

READ MORE ›
alt_text

Friday, Mar 8 2019

Hadassah Surgeon Uses Revolutionary Surgery and Stem Cells to Restore Mobility

He grew up on the Mediterranean coast in Ashkelon, but Eyal Turgeman dreamed of becoming an African wilderness tour guide.

READ MORE ›
alt_text

Wednesday, Feb 27 2019

A Double Stroke at the Dead Sea

Imagine having a double stroke in two different arteries while on a day trip at the Dead Sea! What could be the chances of survival?

READ MORE ›

Donation Questions

donorservices@hadassah.org

(800) 928-0685

Membership Questions

membership@hadassah.org

(800) 664-5646

Missions Department

missions@hadassah.org

(800) 237-1517

Contact Us

40 Wall Street

New York, NY 10005

support@hadassah.org

More ›

Show More