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Domestic & Israel Zionist and International Affairs Policy Statements

Hadassah's Policy Statements represent the organization's official stance on a wide variety of issues facing our nation, Israel and other international matters of concern. The Hadassah Advocacy Team presents draft Policy Statements to the delegates at Hadassah National Board Meetings for consideration. Once voted on, they become official policies of the organization and serve to define Hadassah's overall agenda and advocacy priorities.

For your convenience, the Domestic and Israel, Zionist and International Affairs (IZAIA) policy statements have been separated and divided into categories. Some policy statements fall into more than one category. When this occurs, they are cross-referenced by the short abbreviation next to the statement title.

Domestic Policy Statements

IZAIA Policy Statements




Civic Participation

Background

Hadassah's mission statement ends with the tenet ". . .encouraging informed and active participation in the American democratic process." As such, Hadassah has always promoted civic responsibility among its members. We have also long supported the unobstructed access to voting and other political processes for all individuals and groups regardless of race, religion, gender, or creed. And recently, we have voiced our particular concern regarding the decline in civic participation among women and the Jewish community.

Hadassah's commitment to civic participation is exemplified by the 1949 statement, which directs the National American Affairs/Domestic Policy Department "...towards efforts to preserve and extend democracy." Speaking about the future of the Department, the statement further emphasizes that "Since Hadassah's program is flexible, it is expected that a position will be taken upon ...issues involved in the preservation of the democratic way of life."

POLICY STATEMENTS

1981

Extension of Voting Rights Act (VRA)* - [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms the prior "Voting Rights Act" policy statements dating back to 1965. The VRA is considered "...one of the most important and effective civil rights laws safeguarding the political rights of ...minority groups [by] enabling them to exercise the most precious of our Constitutional rights - the right to vote."


1988

Voter Registration
Urges support for the "Universal Voter Registration Act of 1987."

Voter Registration and Participation
Supports measures to establish easier voting registration in order to remove barriers to increased election participation.


1992

Voter Registration and Participation
Reaffirms the 1988 voter registration and participation policy statement.


1996

Voter Registration and Participation - [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms the 1988 voter registration and participation policy statement.


2000

Voter Registration and Participation
Reaffirms prior voter registration and participation policy statements. Expresses concern regarding low voter registration and turnout, especially among women and younger generations. Describes the "Hadassah Voter Challenge 2000."


2001

Voting Modernization* - [SJ/CR]
Expresses concern over the events surrounding the 2000 elections. Calls on Congress and state legislatures to modernize voting equipment, standardize voting procedures and educate citizens.

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Crime, Weapons, and War

Background

Throughout this century, Hadassah adopted many policy statements regarding atrocities against humankind. This category includes those (and other) policy statements regarding related issues such as terrorism, gun control, violence against women, and the desecration of houses of worship.

Many of these issues are not within the purview of Hadassah's specific legislative focus. However, the National Board has often found it necessary to issue public statements to convey our strong sentiments.

The first statement in this area was made policy by the National Board in 1949, when it called for the "prompt ratification" of the United Nations' Genocide Convention. Also, it is interesting to note that as early as the 1960's, Hadassah's National Board adopted numerous statements opposing the testing of nuclear weapons.

POLICY STATEMENTS


1980

Genocide Convention (GC)
Reaffirms prior United Nations' Genocide Convention policy statements, dating back to 1949, which urge Senate ratification. This Convention makes it an international crime to attempt the extermination of a group of people.

Kampuchea (Cambodia)
Expresses compassion for the people's plight and commendation of Israel's aid.

Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals in the United States
Commendation of new initiatives by the Justice Department to investigate and prosecute alleged Nazi war criminals living in the U.S.

U.S. Hostages in Iran
Expresses outrage at Iran's violation of international law and supports the U.S. government's efforts to gain their release.


1981

Gun Control
Urges strong federal and state gun control legislation.


1982

Freedom of Expression
Deplores the charges of dual loyalty stemming from the campaign against AWACS sale to Saudi Arabia.

Genocide Convention (GC)
Reaffirms prior Genocide Convention policy statements.


1983

Nuclear Arms Reduction
Reaffirms prior policy statements regarding nuclear arms reduction, dating back to 1960, which call for an end to the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Supports a bilateral and mutually verifiable freeze between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.


1984

Genocide Convention (GC)
Reaffirms prior Genocide Convention policy statements.


1986

Terrorism
Commends the Administration's forceful stand on terrorism and refusal to negotiate with terrorists. Urges sanctions against states that support terrorists.


1987

Paramilitary Training Camps
Urges abolition of such extremist camps. Encourages efforts to alert the public to the dangers.

Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals in the United States
Reaffirms the 1980 Nazi criminal prosecution policy statement.

U.N. War Crimes Commission Archives
Urges opening files to broader public access.


1989

Assault-Weapons Controls
Urges passage of a bill to control the non-governmental sale and use of assault weapons and to restrict the transfer, importation and possession of new assault weapons. Supports the "Assault Weapons Bill."


1992

Haitian Refugees* [IR]
Urges the U.S. to grant asylum to and humanitarian treatment of Haitian refugees.


1993

Somalia
Expresses compassion for the Somalia people, victims of famine and war.

War Crimes against Women* [WF]
Expresses outrage over the silence of the international community with respect to the sexual violent crimes committed against the women of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Calls for the recognition of these crimes as war crimes.


1994

Gun Control
Reaffirms the 1980 gun control policy statement.


1995

Freedom to Clinic Entrances Act* [HC, RC, WF]
Condemns violence at family planning clinics and demands that government agencies enforce the "Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act."


1996

Arson Attacks against African-American Churches and Other Houses of Worship* [RL,SJ/CR]
Condemns the rash of fire bombings, arson attacks and acts of vandalism perpetuated against African-American churches and other houses of worship.

Violence Against Women* [HC, WF]
Reaffirms Hadassah's long standing commitment to women's rights and women's health needs. Condemns all forms of violence against women, including domestic violence. Special emphasis on domestic violence in the Jewish community.


1998

Gun Control
Reaffirms the 1994 policy statement on gun control, noting nation-wide outbreaks of firearm violence, particularly in schools. Urges Congress to take all necessary actions to enact stronger gun control laws to protect the nation, particularly our children, from gun violence.


1999

Sexual Harassment* [SJ/CR, WF]
Expresses the belief that all individuals have the right to study, volunteer, and/or work in an atmosphere that promotes equal opportunity and prohibits discriminatory practices, including sexual harassment.


2000

Gun Control
2000 Reaffirms the 1998 policy statement on gun control. Urges Congress to promptly enact stronger gun control legislation, and enforce current laws to protect our communities and our nation from gun violence.


2005

Asylum for Victims of Gender-Based Violence [WF]
Hadassah calls upon the U.S. Government to recognize gender-based violence as grounds for asylum; adapt the asylum process to accommodate women fleeing gender-based violence, including providing female officers to hear their cases, and training immigration officers and judges on issues relating to gender-based violence; and create a high-level office within the Department of Homeland Security to oversee all issues relating to asylum and expedited removal.


2005

Trafficking of Women [WF]
Condemns the trafficking of women when women are forced, defrauded, or coerced into labor or sexual exploitation within and across national borders.


2013

Gun Control
Reaffirms the 2000 policy statement on gun control. Urges Congress to promptly enact stronger gun control legislation, including an assault weapons ban, and enforce current laws to protect our communities and our nation from gun violence.

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Energy and The Environment

Background

Hadassah's commitment to environmental preservation and energy conservation is derived from Judaism's traditional view of humans' stewardship of the earth. As such, one of Hadassah's major projects is support for the Jewish National Fund, which promotes ecological conservation in Israel and all over the world.

 While not a legislative priority for Hadassah's National American Affairs/Domestic Policy Department, we identify strongly with a need to protect the environment and often work in coalition efforts to that end.

POLICY STATEMENTS


1980

Energy Conservation and Development
Urges the adoption of a national program to lessen American dependence on imported fuel. Urges conservation, education, a strategic oil reserve and solar energy research.


1981

Energy Conservation and Development
Reaffirms the 1980 energy conservation and development policy statement.


1986

Energy
Reaffirms prior policy statements regarding energy conservation.


1990

Clean Air Bill
Calls upon Congress to ensure that the "Clean Air Bill" is passed.


2002

Energy and the Environment
Calls upon Congress and the Administration to develop and enact a comprehensive energy policy that decreases U.S. dependence on foreign sources of oil while advancing alternative energy solutions to protect our nation's environment.

 

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Health Care

Background

Health care issues, particularly women's health concerns, are among Hadassah's top domestic public policy priorities. Hadassah's historic mandate is to bring medical infrastructure to the Middle East through Hadassah Medical Organization (HMO), and to provide public health services to countries in need worldwide. That mandate provides the foundation for our work in this area. In fact, research conducted through HMO in Israel often informs our advocacy efforts on behalf of women in America.

Though Hadassah's National Board has adopted numerous policy statements on particular health concerns to highlight their significance, they by no means preclude our work on other noteworthy health issues.

Some policy statements, although not obviously health-oriented at first glance, do indeed relate to attendant health problems (e.g. violence against women and the "Family and Medical Leave Act"). In addition, many policy statements aim to address larger issues including, but occasionally not mentioning, their health components.

Hadassah's National Board was an early Congressional watchdog on issues of medical research. For example, as early as 1969 Hadassah expressed its ". . .deep concern [over] the projected cuts in the sums to be appropriated by Congress. . .in cancer and heart research."

POLICY STATEMENTS


1980

U.N. Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)
* [RC, SJ/CR, WF]

Expresses support and calls for Senate ratification of CEDAW which sets forth standards for women's civil, legal and reproductive rights.

The National Plan of Action of National Women's Conference* [RC, SJ/CR, WF]
Endorses the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) and various concepts of the Plan of Action.


1981

Freedom of Choice* [RC, WF]
Opposes any regulation diminishing individual freedom guaranteed by the Bill of Rights. Regards "choice" as a matter of privacy of the individual to be determined by each woman in accordance with her religious, moral and ethical values.


1984

Freedom of Choice* [RC, WF]
Opposes any regulation diminishing individual freedom guaranteed by the Bill of Rights. Regards "choice" as a matter of privacy of the individual to be determined by each woman in accordance with her religious, moral and ethical values.


1985

United Nations Decade for Women* [WF]
Reaffirms the 1984 United Nations Decade for Women policy statement. Applauds the final document and the success in preventing the inclusion of the word "Zionism" in a resolution branding racism and apartheid as obstacles to development.


1987

Catastrophic Health Care Program Urges Congress to enact legislation that includes provisions for health insurance that will cover short and long-term hospitalization, custodial care in nursing homes, long-term home care, and prescription drugs.

Freedom of Choice* [RC, WF]
Reaffirms the 1981 pro-choice policy statement.


1988

AIDS
Urges AIDS education and research as well as increased services for AIDS-afflicted persons.


1989

Freedom of Choice* [RC, WF]
Reaffirms prior pro-choice policy statements.

Long Term Care for the Elderly
Urges federal legislation to assist those in need of home care or long-term institutional/custodial care.

Parental Leave Bill* [WF]
Supports the "Family and Medical Leave Act" allowing employees the unpaid time necessary to care for a newborn, seriously ill child, parent or spouse.


1992

AIDS* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms the 1988 AIDS policy statement. Calls for more funds for treatment and research. Calls for the adoption of measures that prohibit discrimination against people with AIDS.

Basic Level of Medical Care
Urges universal access to basic medical care.

Reproductive Choice* [RC, WF]
Reaffirms Hadassah's mandate for freedom of choice, including support for the "Freedom of Choice Act" and family planning programs. Reaffirms prior pro-choice policy statements. Deplores the Supreme Court decision in Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey.

Women's Health Issues* [WF]
Calls on the medical community to focus greater attention on female-oriented diseases.


1993

Breast Cancer* [WF]
Expresses alarm at the rising rate of breast cancer and stresses the promotion of programs for early detection, such as Hadassah's breast cancer campaign, "Hadassah Cares/Check It Out." Moreover, it calls upon federal and state officials to direct increased funding to promote research into the cause, optimal treatment and possible cure for breast cancer.

National Health Care Coverage
Calls on the federal government to take necessary steps to assure adequate, affordable and comprehensive health care coverage.

Note of Support for President Clinton's Pro-Choice Measures* [RC, WF]
Applauds pro-choice executive orders including: 1. Repeal of the "Gag Rule;" 2. Lifting the RU-486 ban; 3. Lifting the ban on abortions in overseas military hospitals; 4. Lifting restrictions on fetal tissue research; and 5. Rescinding the "Mexico City" policy.

President Clinton and Vice President Gore Congratulatory Statement* [RC, SJ/CR, WF]
Wishes Clinton and Gore a successful administration. Notes Hadassah's delight over recent Administration statements and actions concerning women's health care, health care reform, reproductive rights and a myriad of civil liberties issues.


1994

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
(CEDAW)* [RC, SJ/CR, WF]

Reaffirms the 1980 CEDAW policy statement.

Reaffirmation of Breast Cancer Policy Statement* [WF]
Reaffirms the 1993 breast cancer policy statement.

Women's Health Care* [WF]
States that the following principles must be included in any health care reform package to assure that women's access, treatment and research needs are met: 1. Universal access; 2. Comprehensive women's health benefits; 3. Choice of providers and settings; 4. Accountability to women; and 5. Increased funding and attention to the needs of health problems particular to women.


1995

Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act * [CWW, RC, WF]
Condemns violence at family planning clinics and demands that government agencies enforce the "Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act."


1996

BRCA1 Gene, Genetic Testing and Insurance Discrimination* [WF]
Opposes health insurance discrimination on the basis of genetic factors like the BRCA1 gene mutation found disproportionately in the Ashkenazic Jewish population. Supports federal and state legislative efforts to prohibit such discrimination.

Violence Against Women* [CWW, WF]
Reaffirms Hadassah's long-standing commitment to women's rights and women's health needs. Condemns all forms of violence against women, including domestic violence. Special emphasis on domestic violence in the Jewish community.


1997

Policy Statement on Genetic Testing* [WF]
Reaffirms the 1996 policy statement on genetic testing and insurance discrimination. Highlights Hadassah's support of genetic research while acknowledging concerns of insurance and employment discrimination and the need for confidentiality of medical records.


1998

Medical Records Privacy
Reaffirms 1997 policy statement on genetic testing. Calls for passage of strong federal legislation to protect the privacy of medical records.

Child Abuse* [WF]
Recognizes that child abuse and child maltreatment is also a Jewish problem. Pledges to educate our communities and support resources for children and families.

Tobacco* [WF]
Recognizes lung cancer as a leading killer of women, as well as the problem of increasing tobacco use among middle and high school students. Supports federal measures to limit the marketing and availability of tobacco products, particularly to young people, and urges passage of legislation to ensure such federal actions.


2000

Organ and Tissue Donation [WF]
Urges organ donation as a life-saving effort and to counter the shortage of organs available for transplant. Encourages family discussion of organ donation. Pledges to increase efforts to raise awareness about the importance of organ and tissue donation.


2001

Prescription Equity* [WF,RC]
Recognizes that women pay more in out-of-pocket health care expenses than men because of the lack of insurance coverage for contraceptive drugs and devices. Urges Congress to pass legislation requiring all private insurers to provide equity in prescription coverage.

Medical Records Privacy
Reaffirms 1998 policy statement on medical records privacy. Calls on Congress and state legislatures to pass legislation that guards the privacy of medical records and health information.

Patients' Bill of Rights
Expresses the need for a federal patients' bill of rights to assure that all Americans' access, treatment and research needs are met. Urges Congress to pass a comprehensive patients' bill of rights.

Medical Research
Supports government funding for cutting-edge medical and biotechnological research and clinical trials, including gene therapy, cancer and other medical treatments, organ and tissue transplantation, and stem cell research.


2003

Nursing Shortage
Resolves to advocate for policies to correct the critical shortage of nurses. Commends the federal government for passing the Nurse Reinvestment Act of 2002, urges the federal government to fully the programs authorized in the Act. Also, calls on federal and state governments to enact legislation which promotes the training, recruitment and retention of quality nurses; improves working conditions for nurses; encourages training of nurses to be prepared to respond to mass casualties; and helps raise public profile of the nursing profession.

Title IX * [WF]
Commends the Administration for rejecting recent recommendations that would weaken Title IX; urges the government to strongly enforce Title IX's standards and to promote advances toward equality for women in sports.

Preserving Principles of Science Over Ideology in Health Policy [CS]
Calls on government officials to draw from the best scientific and medical evidence available-- not religious or political ideology -- when shaping health policy. Specifically, it urges the Administration, Congress and state and local governments to fund and promote balanced, accurate sex education programs that inform students about abstinence as well as about contraception and methods of AIDS/STD prevention. It further call on federal, state and local governments to recognize the evidence that condoms prevent transmission of AIDS and STDs and to promote their use for disease prevention both in the U.S. and overseas.


2004

Senior Transportation * [WF, SJCR]
Hadassah calls upon the federal government, state and local governments to address the unique transportation needs of seniors by significantly increasing funding for senior transportation, allocating funds for innovative local senior transportation programs, providing central coordination for all senior transportation programs, allowing more flexibility in the use of existing senior transportation funds, and addressing the needs of seniors in future transportation planning and decision-making.

Disease and Environment
Based on a commitment to the advancement of medical research and a concern about potential linkages between certain diseases and environmental toxins, Hadassah calls on the federal government to allocate increased funds to public and nonprofit scientific and medical research entities to study the linkages between environmental exposures and diseases. Hadassah additionally calls on local, state and federal governments to work together to establish and nationwide health tracking system that would monitor the incidence of a wide array of diseases and environmental exposures in a manner that protects patient privacy.


2006

Support and Funding for Women's Health Research
Calls upon the United States government to increase the study of women's health issues; to encourage more women to enroll in clinical studies; to increase funding to the Office of Research on Women's Health and other offices of women's health within the government; to increase public awareness of women's health issues; and to encourage women to enter the field of biomedical research and increase the number of female researchers.


2007

Health Care Reform
Calls upon the federal and state governments to adopt health care reforms that ensure access to affordable, comprehensive coverage for every American, starting with coverage for every child under the age 18.


2013

Medical Research
Reaffirms the 2001 statement on medical research. Supports government funding for cutting-edge medical and biotechnological research and clinical trials—notably those in the areas of heart disease prevention and treatment for women, gene therapy, cancer and other medical treatments, organ and tissue transplantation, and stem cell research.


2013

Support and Funding for Women's Health Research
Reaffirms the 2006 statement on funding women's health research. Calls upon the United States government to increase the study of women's health issues; to encourage more women to enroll in clinical studies; to increase funding to the Office of Research on Women's Health and other offices of women's health within the government; to increase public awareness of women's health issues; and to encourage women to enter the field of biomedical research and increase the number of female researchers.

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Immigration and Refugee Status

Background

U.S. immigration has long been an important issue for the Jewish people. Throughout history, limits on the number of immigrants allowed to enter the United States have cost many Jewish lives and cost many others their chance to freely practice their religion. As such, we have also been sensitive to non-discriminatory immigration policies for other groups fleeing repressive governments. In fact, the very first American Affairs/Domestic policy statement, adopted by the National Board in 1946, called on the United States government to "... take the initiative in opening the doors to new immigrants."

POLICY STATEMENTS


1992

Haitian Refugees* [CWW]
Urges the U.S. to grant asylum to and humanitarian treatment of Haitian refugees.

Immigration* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms prior immigration policy statements dating back to 1946. Calls for the cessation of discriminatory immigration policies and supports non-discriminatory application of U.S. immigration legislation and attendant policies.


2002

Anti-Terrorism, Immigration and Civil Liberties* [SJ/CR]
Calls on the President, Congress and the Administration to continue to employ all efforts to root out international terrorism and its support structure, while ensuring that civil liberties for U.S. citizens and resident aliens are protected in the United States.

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Religious Liberty and Other Religious Concerns

Background

This category focuses on issues of religious liberty (the unencumbered practice of religion) as articulated in the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. Other religious concerns of the Jewish community included in this section are anti-Semitism, Jewish family law, freedom of prayer in Israel, and the desecration of houses of worship.

While this section addresses many issues of religious concern, it does not cover topics that flow from the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment (i.e. church and state separation). Issues of this nature fall in their own category. Although one of the policy statement titles does mention the separation of church and state, it actually contains religious liberty components.

It is unfortunate to note the need for the following two policy statement synopses.

In 1958, Hadassah "...view[ed] with horror and shock the wicked destruction of religious institutions. . ."

And in 1996, Hadassah "expressed our outrage at and strongly condemns the rash of firebombings, arson attacks and acts of vandalism that have been perpetrated in recent months against ...houses of worship."

POLICY STATEMENTS


1981

Anti-Semitism* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms prior statements dating back to 1962 condemning anti-Semitism. Views with alarm increased anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism worldwide. Pledges support to combat proliferation through educational, legislative and other efforts.


1982

Anti-Semitism* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms prior anti-Semitism policy statements.

Jewish Security in the U.S.* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms prior anti-Semitism policy statements.

Global Anti-Semitism* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms prior anti-Semitism policy statements.


1984

Anti-Semitism* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms prior anti-Semitism policy statements.


1987

Jewish Family Law* [WF]
Urges the Rabbinate to devise practical solutions to serious problems of family law such as agunah, halitzah, divorce, women's rights in marriage, and custody of children.


1988

Anti-Semitism* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms prior anti-Semitism policy statements.


1990

Women of the Wall* [WF]
Calls upon the government of Israel to protect the rights of the "Women of the Wall" to pray collectively at the Kotel without harassment.


1991

Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA)
Supports RFRA, which restores religious freedom as a fundamental right by requiring the highest legal scrutiny by the government before restricting the free exercise of religion.


1992

Anti-Semitism and Racism* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms prior policy statements on anti-Semitism. Calls upon elected officials, civic, religious and community leaders to enforce laws and denounce manifestations of all forms of anti-Semitism and bigotry.

Separation of Church and State* [CS]
Reaffirms Hadassah's belief in the principle of separation of church and state as well as the guarantees of religious freedom. Urges Congress to enact the "Religious Freedom Restoration Act."


1996

Arson Attacks Against African-American Churches and Other Houses of Worship* [CWW, SJ/CR]
Condemns the rash of fire bombings, arson attacks and acts of vandalism perpetuated against African-American churches and other houses of worship.


1997

Religious Pluralism in the United States
Asserts that no generally recognized branch of Judaism has the right or privilege to negate the validity of any other generally recognized branch of Judaism by denying its Jewish identity. Calls on the American Jewish community to seek a common ground of mutual respect.


1998

Religious Freedom Restoration Act
Reaffirms the 1991 Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) policy statement. Views with great concern the recent Supreme Court ruling striking down RFRA. Supports efforts to enhance protection of religion and religious freedom on both the state and federal levels.

Hate Crimes* [WF, SJ/CR]
Calls for the expansion of federal legislation detailing bias attacks or hate crimes to include crimes against victims based on gender, sexual orientation, or disability.


1999

School Vouchers* [RL]
Reaffirms prior church/state separation statements on tax tuition credits. Opposes the use of publicly funded school vouchers for private and religious schools.

Arson Attacks Against Synagogues and Other Hate Crimes* [SJ/CR]
Condemns arson attacks on three synagogues in Sacramento, CA. Urges appropriate government entities to monitor and track activities of groups that encourage and commit hate crimes.


2000

Charitable Choice [CS]
Reaffirms Hadassah's commitment to the separation of church and state. Opposes "charitable choice" initiatives, which would provide public funding for social services programs operated by pervasively sectarian organizations without requiring safeguards to prevent First Amendment violations.


2002

School Prayer Amendment [CS]
Reaffirms Hadassah's opposition to the "School Prayer Amendment," a proposed constitutional amendment that would permit officially-sponsored prayer in public schools and would allow religious symbols to be posted in public schools, courtrooms and other public institutions.

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Reproductive Choice

Background

The policy statements below detail Hadassah's long standing commitment to a woman's right to choose abortion and other reproductive health care. Hadassah's positions in this area are predicated on the constitutional right to privacy as defined in the landmark Roe v. Wade decision, and on First Amendment principles insuring religious liberty, religious pluralism, and the separation of church and state. In other words, Hadassah believes that women are proper moral decision-makers in this area, and that they should be free to make that decision within the context of their own religious convictions, without interference from the state.

These reproductive choice statements have not, however, been listed under the categories of "Separation of Church and State" or "Religious Liberty and Other Religious Concerns" because the arguments are often implicit.

Although reproductive choice is indeed both a women's and a health issue, a specific category has been dedicated to the issue due to the sheer number of statements on the subject and the ensuing advocacy activity.

Although some policy statement synopses included in this section may not mention a reproductive rights issue directly, the full statement does aim to address an aspect of reproductive choice in some way.

POLICY STATEMENTS


1980

The National Plan of Action of National Women's Conference* [HC, SJ/CR, WF]
Endorses the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) and various concepts of the Plan of Action.

U.N. Convention of Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)* [HC, SJ/CR, WF]
Expresses support and calls for Senate ratification of CEDAW which sets forth standards for women's civil, legal and reproductive rights.


1981

Freedom of Choice* [HC, WF]
Opposes any regulation diminishing individual freedom guaranteed by the Bill of Rights. Regards "choice" as a matter of privacy of the individual to be determined by each woman in accordance with her religious, moral and ethical values.


1987

Freedom of Choice* [HC, WF]
Reaffirms the 1981 pro-choice policy statement.


1989

Freedom of Choice* [HC, WF]
Reaffirms prior pro-choice policy statements.


1992

Reproductive Choice* [HC, WF]
Reaffirms Hadassah's mandate for freedom of choice, including support for the "Freedom of Choice Act" and family planning programs. Reaffirms prior pro-choice policy statements. Deplores the Supreme Court's decision in Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey.


1993

Note of Support for President Clinton's Pro-Choice Measures* [HC, WF]
Applauds pro-choice executive orders including: 1. Repeal of the "Gag Rule;" 2. Lifting the RU-486 ban; 3. Lifting the ban on abortions in overseas military hospitals; 4. Lifting restrictions on fetal tissue research; and 5. Rescinding the "Mexico City" policy.

President Clinton and Vice President Gore Congratulatory Statement* [HC, SJ/CR, WF]
Wishes Clinton and Gore a successful administration. Notes Hadassah's delight over recent Administration statements and actions concerning women's health care, health care reform, reproductive rights and a myriad of civil liberties issues.


1994

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)* [HC, SJ/CR, WF]
Reaffirms the 1980 CEDAW policy statement.


1995

Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act* [CWW, HC, WF]
Condemns violence at family planning clinics and demands that government agencies enforce the "Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act."


2001

Prescription Equity* [HC, WF]
Recognizes that women pay more in out-of-pocket health care expenses than men because of the lack of insurance coverage for contraceptive drugs and devices. Urges Congress to pass legislation requiring all private insurers to provide equity in prescription coverage.


2007

Balancing Religion in the Workplace and Civil Liberties* [SJ/CR]
Calls upon U.S. governments at every level to accommodate religious observance in the workplace to the fullest extent possible, while protecting the rights of women, religious and ethnic minorities and the gay community. With respect to pharmacy moral refusals, calls upon U.S. governments and businesses to put in place mechanisms that ensure patients' access to medication without delay. Where access to medications cannot be provided without delay, the right to health care must supersede the right to religious accommodation.

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Separation of Church and State

Background

Hadassah has placed a high priority on advocacy work that protects a strict separation of church and state as guaranteed by the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. Issues in this category focus mainly on prayer in public schools or other public institutions, and on the use of public money to finance religious institutions' educational services.

Other statements regarding religion may be found in the category entitled "Religious Liberty and Other Religious Concerns."

While much recent attention has been given to the "rise of the radical Right," Hadassah has been concerned about the growing far-right attacks on the separation of church and state since as early as 1966. A policy statement at the time read, "We . . . view with deep concern the rise of a radical right movement whose persistent attacks and decisive maneuvers within the democratic institutions of our country present a serious challenge requiring utmost vigilance."

POLICY STATEMENTS


1981

Separation of Church and State
Expresses Hadassah's commitment to the primacy of the First Amendment's establishment clause. Commits to developing educational materials to promote a deeper understanding of this principle.


1982

Prayer in the Public Schools
Opposes public prayer in schools, whether required or voluntary.


1983

Prayer in the Public Schools
Reaffirms the 1982 prayer in public schools policy statement.

Tuition Tax Credits
Opposes any direct or indirect public funding of religious and private schools, including tuition tax credits.


1984

Separation of Church and State
Reaffirms the 1981 separation of church and state policy statement. Notes Hadassah's opposition to "equal access" legislation, which would allow religious groups access to public schools.


1986

Separation of Church and State
Calls on elected officials to support the Constitutional principle of the separation of church and state.


1987

Prayer in the Public Schools
Reaffirms prior prayer in public schools policy statements.

Separation of Church and State
Reaffirms prior separation of church and state policy statements.


1990

Public School Voluntary Religious Clubs
Reaffirms the 1984 policy statement regarding religious groups' access to public schools. Views with alarm the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision to give religious clubs the same access to school facilities as other "non-curriculum related" groups, in violation of the First Amendment.


1991

Child Care* [WF]
States commitment to childcare programs. Opposes legislation that provides voucher systems for day care facilities, including those offering religious instruction, in violation of the First Amendment.


1992

Separation of Church and State* [RL]
Reaffirms Hadassah's belief in the principle of separation of church and state as well as the guarantees of religious freedom. Urges congress to enact the "Religious Freedom Restoration Act."


1994

Prayer in Public Schools
Reaffirms prior prayer in public schools policy statements.


1999

School Vouchers* [RL]
Reaffirms prior church/state separation statements on tax tuition credits. Opposes the use of publicly funded school vouchers for private and religious schools.


2000

Religion in the Public Schools
Reaffirms our commitment to protecting the wall separating church and state. Opposes the posting of the Ten Commandments, the teaching of creationism as valid scientific theory, and the introduction of officially sponsored, organized or sanctioned prayer at sporting events and programs in public schools.


2001

Charitable Choice [RL]
Reaffirms Hadassah's commitment to the separation of church and state. Opposes "charitable choice" initiatives, which would provide public funding for social services programs operated by pervasively sectarian organizations without requiring safeguards to prevent First Amendment violations.


2002

School Prayer Amendment [RL]
Reaffirms Hadassah's opposition to the "School Prayer Amendment," a proposed constitutional amendment that would permit officially-sponsored prayer in public schools and would allow religious symbols to be posted in public schools, courtrooms and other public institutions.


2003

Preserving Principles of Science Over Ideology in Health Policy [HC]
Calls on government officials to draw from the best scientific and medical evidence available-- not religious or political ideology -- when shaping health policy. Specifically, it urges the Administration, Congress and state and local governments to fund and promote balanced, accurate sex education programs that inform students about abstinence as well as about contraception and methods of AIDS/STD prevention. It further call on federal, state and local governments to recognize the evidence that condoms prevent transmission of AIDS and STDs and to promote their use for disease prevention both in the U.S. and overseas.

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Social Justice and Civil Rights

Background

Individuals and organizations in the Jewish community know well the impact of discrimination. Jews have faced unequal treatment throughout history and therefore tend to have a heightened sensitivity to the discriminatory treatment of others.

Issues included in this category address discrimination and the denial of equal opportunity based on religion, sex, race and other factors. Hadassah's efforts have often been focused on removing barriers to basic services, education, housing, voting and employment. The policy statements here also address services for the poor, immigration, affirmative action, and other related issues.

As an interesting historical note, in 1968 Hadassah's American Affairs/Domestic Policy program embarked on a "vigorous expansion" of its domestic public policy activities. (Hadassah Annual Report, 1968-1969) This period of dramatically increased activity was a direct response to the "War on Poverty" and in support of President Johnson's Great Society Programs.

POLICY STATEMENTS


1980

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)* [WF]
Reaffirms the 1979 ERA policy statement which endorses the ERA to the U.S. Constitution and urges its ratification. States that the Amendment is essential to strengthen the position of women. Notes those states which failed to ratify and calls on residents of those states to act.

The National Plan of Action of National Women's Conference* [HC, RC, WF]
Endorses the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) and various concepts of the Plan of Action

U.N. Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)* [HC, RC, WF]
Expresses support and calls for Senate ratification of CEDAW which sets forth standards for women's civil, legal and reproductive rights.


1981

Anti-Semitism* [RL]
Reaffirms prior statements dating back to 1962 condemning anti-Semitism. Views with alarm increased anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism worldwide. Pledges support to combat proliferation through educational, legislative and other efforts.

Economic and Social Justice* [WF]
Urges the President to insure that government support will not be denied to the needy.

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)* [WF]
Reaffirms prior ERA policy statements.

Extensions of Voting Rights Act (VRA)* [CP]
Reaffirms the prior "Voting Rights Act" policy statements dating back to 1965. The VRA is considered "...one of the most important and effective civil rights laws safeguarding the political rights of ...minority groups [by] enabling them to exercise the most precious of our constitutional rights - the right to vote."


1982

Anti-Semitism* [RL]
Reaffirms prior anti-Semitism policy statements.

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)* [WF]
Reaffirms prior ERA policy statements.

Global Anti-Semitism* [RL]
Reaffirms prior anti-Semitism policy statements.

Jewish Security in the U.S.* [RL]
Reaffirms prior anti-Semitism policy statements.


1983

Women's Rights* [WF]
Reaffirms prior Equal Rights Amendment policy statements. Emphasizes the need for economic equality and security.


1984

Anti-Semitism* [RL]
Reaffirms prior anti-Semitism policy statements. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights Reaffirms prior policy statements, dating back to 1949, reaffirming our commitment to the principles set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Declaration enumerates civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights that should be the common possession of all mankind.

United Nations Decade for Women* [HC, WF]
Endorses the original concept whose goal is to improve the status of women. Expresses hope that the 1985 Nairobi conference will be free of anti-Israel, anti-West propaganda.

Women's Rights* [WF]
Reaffirms prior Equal Rights Amendment policy statements.


1985

United Nations Decade for Women* [WF]
Reaffirms the 1984 United Nations Decade for Women policy statement. Applauds the final document and the success in preventing the inclusion of the word "Zionism" in a resolution branding racism and apartheid as obstacles to development.


1988

Anti-Semitism* [RL]
Reaffirms prior anti-Semitism policy statements.


1992

AIDS* [HC]
Reaffirms the 1988 AIDS policy statement. Calls for more funds for treatment and research. Calls for the adoption of measures that prohibit discrimination against people with AIDS.

Anti-Semitism and Racism* [RL]
Reaffirms prior policy statements on anti-Semitism. Calls upon elected officials, civic, religious and community leaders to enforce laws and denounce manifestations of all forms of anti-Semitism and bigotry.

Immigration* [IR]
Reaffirms prior immigration policy statements dating back to 1946. Calls for the cessation of discriminatory immigration policies and supports non-discriminatory application of U.S. immigration legislation and attendant policies.


1993

President Clinton and Vice President Gore Congratulatory Statement* [HC, RC, WF]
Wishes Clinton and Gore a successful administration. Notes Hadassah's delight over recent Administration statements and actions concerning women's health care, health care reform, reproductive rights and a myriad of civil liberties issues.


1994

Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)* [HC, RC, WF]
Reaffirms the 1980 CEDAW policy statement.


1996

Civil Rights/Affirmative Action* [WF]
Supports the continued use of federal affirmative action programs to redress past discrimination. Rejects the use of quotas and calls for the continued utilization of "goals and timetables."

Economic Justice and Social Welfare
Reaffirms prior policy statements regarding economic and social justice. Calls for the maintaining of a federal social and economic "safety net" for all Americans. Opposes the devolution of social welfare programs to state governments.

Arson Attacks Against African-American Churches and Other Houses of Worship* [CWW, RL]
Condemns the rash of fire bombings, arson attacks and acts of vandalism perpetuated against African-American churches and other houses of worship.


1998

Hate Crimes* [WF, RL]
Calls for the expansion of federal legislation detailing bias attacks or hate crimes to include crimes against victims based on gender, sexual orientation, or disability.


1999

Sexual Harassment* [WF, CWW]
Expresses the belief that all individuals have the right to study, volunteer, and/or work in an atmosphere that promotes equal opportunity and prohibits discriminatory practices, including sexual harassment.

Social Security* [WF]
Urges Congress to ensure that Social Security continues to provide its current guaranteed benefits. Hadassah calls on Congress to assess all proposals aimed at ensuring the solvency of Social Security with due consideration of the impact on the majority of Social Security recipients-women.

Arson Attacks Against Synagogues and Other Hate Crimes* [RL]
Condemns arson attacks on three synagogues in Sacramento, CA. Urges appropriate government entities to monitor and track activities of groups that encourage and commit hate crimes.


2001

Voting Modernization* [CP]
Expresses concern over the events surrounding the 2000 elections. Calls on Congress and state legislatures to modernize voting equipment, standardize voting procedures and educate citizens.


2002

Anti-Terrorism, Immigration and Civil Liberties* [IR]
Calls on the President, Congress and the Administration to continue to employ all efforts to root out international terrorism and its support structure, while ensuring that civil liberties for U.S. citizens and resident aliens are protected in the United States.


2004

Senior Transportation * [HC, WF]
Hadassah calls upon the federal government, state and local governments to address the unique transportation needs of seniors by significantly increasing funding for senior transportation, allocating funds for innovative local senior transportation programs, providing central coordination for all senior transportation programs, allowing more flexibility in the use of existing senior transportation funds, and addressing the needs of seniors in future transportation planning and decision-making.


2005

Disability Rights
Hadassah is deeply concerned about the rights of the 54 million Americans living with disabilities. Hadassah calls upon the federal government to continue to expand and strengthen the full range of disability rights.


2006

Equality for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Americans
Supports the passage of state and federal civil rights legislation to protect against hate crimes and discrimination based on sexual orientation. Strongly opposes efforts at the federal and state level, whether through legislation, referendum or constitutional amendment, that would selectively limit or deny civil rights to same-sex couples and their families, thereby abusing the spirit of the amendment process and discouraging further expansion of gay rights. Expresses support equal protections under the law for same-sex couples, comparable to those afforded to heterosexual couples, and supports government action that provides civil status to committed same-sex couples and their families equal to the civil status provided to the committed relationships of men and woman and their families, with all associated legal rights and obligations, both federal and state.


2007

Balancing Religion in the Workplace and Civil Liberties* [SJ/CR]
Calls upon U.S. governments at every level to accommodate religious observance in the workplace to the fullest extent possible, while protecting the rights of women, religious and ethnic minorities and the gay community. With respect to pharmacy moral refusals, calls upon U.S. governments and businesses to put in place mechanisms that ensure patients' access to medication without delay. Where access to medications cannot be provided without delay, the right to health care must supersede the right to religious accommodation.

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Women and Family

Background

Hadassah is the single largest women's organization in this country. As such, Hadassah has a particular obligation and an unwavering commitment to women's rights and concerns. Whether supporting equal rights, freedom of choice, access to child care or health care, or working to eliminate violence against women, Hadassah has a proud history in support of women and families.

This category also addresses some key concerns in Jewish family life.

Although all health care is crucial to women and their families in some way, only health-related items that have direct impact on women's health are included here.

POLICY STATEMENTS


1980

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms the 1979 ERA policy statement which endorses the ERA to the U.S. Constitution and urges its ratification. States that the Amendment is essential to strengthen the position of women. Notes those states which failed to ratify and calls on residents of those states to act.

The National Plan of Action of National Women's Conference* [HC, SJ/CR, RC]
Endorses the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) and various concepts of the Plan of Action.

U.N. Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)* [HC, SJ/CR, RC]
Expresses support and calls for Senate ratification of CEDAW which sets forth standards for women's civil, legal and reproductive rights.


1981

Economic and Social Justice* [SJ/CR]
Urges the President to insure that government support will not be denied to the needy.

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms prior ERA policy statements.

Freedom of Choice* [HC, RC]
Opposes any regulation diminishing individual freedom guaranteed by the Bill of Rights. Regards "choice" as a matter of privacy of the individual to be determined by each woman in accordance with her religious, moral and ethical values.


1982

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms prior ERA policy statements.


1983

Women's Rights* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms prior Equal Rights Amendment policy statements. Emphasizes the need for economic equality and security.


1984

United Nations Decade for Women* [SJ/CR]
Endorses the original concept whose goal is to improve the status of women. Expresses hope that the 1985 Nairobi conference will be free of anti-Israel, anti-West propaganda.

Women's Rights* [SJ/CR]
Reaffirms prior Equal Rights Amendment policy statements.


1985

Child Care
Supports measures to provide comprehensive child care programs. Urges adoption of measures to require adequate funding by public and private sectors.

United Nations Decade for Women* [HC, SJ/CR]
Reaffirms the 1984 United Nations Decade for Women policy statement. Applauds the final document and the success in preventing the inclusion of the word "Zionism" in a resolution branding racism and apartheid as obstacles to development.


1987

Child Care
Reaffirms the 1985 child care policy statement.

Freedom of Choice* [HC, RC]
Reaffirms the 1981 pro-choice policy statement.

Jewish Family Law* [RL]
Urges the Rabbinate to devise practical solutions to serious problems of family law such as agunah, halitzah, divorce, women's rights in marriage, and custody of children.


1988

Child Care
Reaffirms prior childcare policy statements. Endorses the "Act for Better Child Care."


1989

Freedom of Choice* [HC, RC]
Reaffirms prior pro-choice policy statements.

Parental Leave Bill* [HC]
Supports the "Family and Medical Leave Act" allowing employees the unpaid time necessary to care for a newborn, seriously ill child, parent or spouse.


1990

Child Care* [CS]
Reaffirms prior child care policy statements. Opposes voucher systems for day care facilities, including those offering religious instruction, in violation of the First Amendment.

Women of the Wall* [RL]
Calls upon the government of Israel to protect the rights of "Women of the Wall" to pray collectively at the Kotel without harassment.


1991

Child Care* [CS]
Reaffirms Hadassah's commitment to childcare programs. Opposes legislation that provides voucher systems for day care facilities, including those offering religious instruction, in violation of the First Amendment.


1992

Reproductive Choice* [HC, RC]
Reaffirms Hadassah's mandate for freedom of choice, including support for the "Freedom of Choice Act" and family planning programs. Reaffirms prior pro-choice policy statements. Deplores the Supreme Court's decision in Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey.

Women's Health Issues* [HC]
Calls on the medical community to focus greater attention on female-oriented diseases.


1993

Breast Cancer* [HC]
Expresses alarm at the rising rate of breast cancer and stresses the promotion of programs for early detection, such as Hadassah's breast cancer campaign, "Hadassah Cares/Check It Out." Moreover, it calls upon federal and state officials to direct increased funding to promote research into the cause, optimal treatment and possible cure for breast cancer.

Note of Support for President Clinton's Pro-Choice Measures* [HC, RC]
Applauds pro-choice executive orders including: 1. Repeal of the "Gag Rule;" 2. Lifting the RU-486 ban; 3. Lifting the ban on abortions in overseas military hospitals; 4. Lifting restrictions on fetal tissue research; and 5. Rescinding the "Mexico City" policy.

President Clinton and Vice President Gore Congratulatory Statement* [RC, SJ/CR, HC]
Wishes Clinton and Gore a successful administration. Notes Hadassah's delight over recent Administration statements and actions concerning women's health care, health care reform, reproductive rights and a myriad of civil liberties issues.

War Crimes Against Women* [CWW]
Expresses outrage over the silence of the international community with respect to the sexual violent crimes committed against the women of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Calls for the recognition of these crimes as war crimes.


1994

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)* [HC, RC, SJ/CR]
Reaffirms the 1980 CEDAW policy statement.

Reaffirmation of Breast Cancer Policy Statement* [HC]
Reaffirms the 1993 breast cancer policy statement.

Women's Health Care* [HC]
States that the following principles must be included in any health care reform package to assure that women's access, treatment and research needs are met: 1. Universal access; 2. Comprehensive women's health benefits; 3. Choice of providers and settings; 4. Accountability to women; and 5. Increased funding and attention to the needs of health problems particular to women.


1995

Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act (FACE)* [CWW, HC, RC]
Condemns violence at family planning clinics and demands that government agencies enforce the "Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act."


1996

BRCA1 Gene, Genetic Testing and Insurance Discrimination* [HC]
Opposes health insurance discrimination on the basis of genetic factors like the BRCA1 gene mutation found disproportionately in the Ashkenazic Jewish population. Supports federal and state legislation efforts to prohibit such discrimination.

Civil Rights/Affirmative Action* [SJ/CR]
Supports the continued use of federal affirmative action programs to redress past discrimination. Rejects the use of quotas and calls for the continued utilization of "goals and timetables."

Violence Against Women* [CWW, HC]
Reaffirms Hadassah's long standing commitment to women's rights and women's health needs. Condemns all forms of violence against women, including domestic violence. Special emphasis on domestic violence in the Jewish community.

Voter Registration and Participation* [CP]
Reaffirms prior voter registration and participation policy statements. Expresses concern regarding Jewish communal and women's voter registration and turnout. Describes "The Hadassah Voter Challenge 1996."


1997

Policy Statement on Genetic Testing* [HC]
Reaffirms the 1996 policy statement on genetic testing and insurance discrimination. Highlights Hadassah's support of genetic research while acknowledging concerns of insurance and employment discrimination and the need for confidentiality of medical records.


1998

Child Care
Reaffirms the 1991 policy statement on child care, calling for legislation to address the need for affordable, safe, high-quality child care.

Hate Crimes* [RL, SJ/CR]
Calls for the expansion of federal legislation detailing bias attacks or hate crimes to include crimes against victims based on gender, sexual orientation, or disability.

Child Abuse* [HC]
Recognizes that child abuse and child maltreatment is also a Jewish problem. Pledges to educate our communities and support resources for children and families.

Women's Economic Equity and Security
Reaffirms 1983 policy statement on women's rights. Calls for stricter enforcement of pay equity laws, revision of restrictive pension policies, and support for measures that will result in real economic security for women.

Minimum Wage Increase
Supports President Clinton's efforts to increase the minimum wage and calls on Congress to pass such legislation.

Tobacco* [HC]
Recognizes lung cancer as a leading killer of women, as well as the problem of increasing tobacco use among middle and high school students. Supports federal measures to limit the marketing and availability of tobacco products, particularly to young people, and urges passage of legislation to ensure such federal actions.


1999

Sexual Harassment* [SJ/CR, CWW]
Expresses the belief that all individuals have the right to study, volunteer, and/or work in an atmosphere that promotes equal opportunity and prohibits discriminatory practices, including sexual harassment.

Social Security* [SJCR]
Urges Congress to ensure that Social Security continues to provide its current guaranteed benefits. Hadassah calls on Congress to assess all proposals aimed at ensuring the solvency of Social Security with due consideration of the impact on the majority of Social Security recipients-women.

National Museum of Women's History
Supports plans for the establishment of a National Museum of Women's History in Washington, DC to preserve and celebrate the historic contributions and diverse heritage of women. Urges Congress to pass legislation for the museum's creation.


2000

Organ and Tissue Donation
Urges organ donation as a life-saving effort and to counter the shortage of organs available for transplant. Encourages family discussion of organ donation. Pledges to increase efforts to raise awareness about the importance of organ and tissue donation.


2001

Prescription Equity* [HC, RC]
Recognizes that women pay more in out-of-pocket health care expenses than men because of the lack of insurance coverage for contraceptive drugs and devices. Urges Congress to pass legislation requiring all private insurers to provide equity in prescription coverage.


2003

Title IX * [HC]
Commends the Administration for rejecting recent recommendations that would weaken Title IX; urges the government to strongly enforce Title IX's standards and to promote advances toward equality for women in sports.


2004

Senior Transportation * [HC, SJCR]
Hadassah calls upon the federal government, state and local governments to address the unique transportation needs of seniors by significantly increasing funding for senior transportation, allocating funds for innovative local senior transportation programs, providing central coordination for all senior transportation programs, allowing more flexibility in the use of existing senior transportation funds, and addressing the needs of seniors in future transportation planning and decision-making.


2005

Asylum for Victims of Gender-Based Violence [CWW]
Hadassah calls upon the U.S. Government to recognize gender-based violence as grounds for asylum; adapt the asylum process to accommodate women fleeing gender-based violence, including providing female officers to hear their cases, and training immigration officers and judges on issues relating to gender-based violence; and create a high-level office within the Department of Homeland Security to oversee all issues relating to asylum and expedited removal.


2005

Trafficking of Women [CWW]
Condemns the trafficking of women when women are forced, defrauded, or coerced into labor or sexual exploitation within and across national borders.


2013

Women's Economic Equity and Security
Reaffirms support for pay equity policies. Calls for new measures that will reduce the gender wage gap; protect pregnant workers rights; increase the minimum wage; expand and promote opportunities for earned paid parental, family and sick leave.

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Other

Background

This section includes statements that do not naturally fall into other categories, most often because of their international focus.

POLICY STATEMENTS


1985

Anti-Apartheid
Deplores Apartheid and calls on the U.S. government to motivate the South African government to rectify the situation.


1986

Apartheid
Reaffirms the 1985 Apartheid policy statement. Calls on individuals and institutions with stock portfolios to demand adherence to the Sullivan Principles.

Kurt Waldheim
Urges action to put Kurt Waldheim on the "Watch List" of excludable aliens.


1987

Apartheid
Reaffirms prior Apartheid policy statements.


1993

Jonathan Pollard
Calls on the President to commute Pollard's sentence to time served on humanitarian grounds.


2003

350th Anniversary of the American Jewish Community
Urges Hadassah members to participate in Hadassah's and the general Community's celebrations and commemoration of this historic Anniversary year.

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Aliyah

POLICY STATEMENTS


1981

Aliyah
Recognizes aliyah as the "highest form of Zionist commitment and actively encourages and supports that act of personal fulfillment." Asks Hadassah groups, chapters and regions to create and participate in programs that promote aliyah, and to support those who have made aliyah. Commends the work of the Association of Americans and Canadians in Israel (AACI) and encourages Hadassah members to become "overseas" members and give financial support to the organization. Calls on the World Zionist Organization and the Israel Ministry of Absorption to ease the process of absorption.


1982

Aliyah
Reaffirms prior aliyah policy statement. Encourages participation in the "Hadassah Family Live-In Israel Experience for Potential Olim" program. Commends the aliyah work of Hadassah's youth movement, Hamagshamim.


1983

Aliyah
Reaffirms prior aliyah statements. Welcomes the Jewish Agency's efforts in encouraging Diaspora communities to take a greater role in promoting aliyah.


1984,85

Aliyah
Reaffirms prior aliyah policy statements.


1986

Aliyah
Reaffirms prior aliyah policy statements. Supports work of the North American Aliyah Movement (NAAM).

Identity Cards * [RP]
Opposes new procedure ordered by Israel's Minister of Interior to stamp the word "converted" onto identity cards of those who immigrate to Israel after their conversion to Judaism. Calls on Israeli government to have this ruling rescinded.

Law Of Return* [RP]
Reaffirms opposition to any alteration of Israel's Law of Return, which states that any Jew can come home to Israel. Notes that action to amend the law threatens to weaken the sense of Jewish solidarity.

 


1987

Aliyah
Reaffirms prior aliyah policy statements.


1988

Aliyah
Reaffirms prior aliyah policy statements.

Soviet Jewry: New Emigration Procedures* [WJ/HR]
Endorses the resolution adopted by the Jewish Agency Assembly welcoming Israel's decision to secure direct flights from the Soviet Union to Israel for those who request an exit permit from the Soviet Union to Israel. The Jewish Agency resolution also states commitment to enhance the capacity of Israel to receive and resettle Soviet Jews and all olim in Israel. Calls upon other governments to urge the Soviet Union to adhere to its commitment to the Helsinki Accords and other international agreements regarding the Right to Leave. Calls upon the Soviet Government to permit Jews in the Soviet Union freedom of religion, culture and language.


1989

Aliyah
Reaffirms prior aliyah statements. Encourages local communities to increase funding for long-term Israel programs for youth. Urges the Israeli government to place higher priority on absorption of, and assistance for, new olim, including providing affordable housing.

Resettlement of Soviet Jews* [WJ/HR]
Welcomes the improvement of conditions for Jews in the Soviet Union and in significant Jewish emigration from the USSR. Urges the implementation of new emigration procedures that will encourage Soviet Jews to make aliyah but also preserve the principle of free choice in immigration. Calls upon world Jewry to provide financial support and urges that the Jewish Agency for Israel be the major recipient of communal funds raised for the resettlement of Soviet Jews.


1990

Aliyah
Reaffirms prior aliyah policy statements.


1991

Aliyah
Reaffirms prior aliyah policy statements.

Absorption Loan Guarantees* [WJ/HR, US/USI]
Urges the United States Government to assist Israel financially in the absorption of Soviet and Ethiopian Jews through loan guarantees, which will enable Israel to obtain commercial loans at advantageous terms. Applauds those in Israel who have welcomed new immigrants with generosity.

Ethiopian Jewish Aliyah* [WJ/HR]
Congratulates the Israeli government on the rescue of Ethiopian Jews through Operation Solomon. Expresses gratitude to the United States government, and especially to President Bush and Senator Boschwitz for their assistance. Commends the Joint Distribution Committee, the Jewish Agency and other organizations for their efforts. Pledges service to the Ethiopian community in Israel through Hadassah's health and educational facilities and special funding for youth.


1992

Aliyah
Reaffirms prior aliyah policy statements. Salutes Hadassah's National Aliyah Department and its Winter in Netanya projects.

Absorption Loan Guarantees* [WJ/HR, [US/USI]
Reaffirms prior Absorption Loan Guarantees policy statement. Opposes the linkage of loan guarantees to any issue unrelated to immigration absorption.


1993

Aliyah
Reaffirms prior aliyah policy statement.


1994

Aliyah Reaffirms prior aliyah statements. Expresses pride in Hadassah's Winter in Netanya and Spring in Netanya projects.


1996

Religious Pluralism and the Unity of the Jewish People* [RP]
Reaffirms prior Law of Return policy statement. Affirms commitment to the principle of religious pluralism. Opposes any new legislation to redefine religious conversions in a way which would alienate major segments of the Jewish people from their connection to Israel.


1997

Religious Pluralism in Israel* [RP]
Reaffirms prior Religious Pluralism and the Unity of the Jewish People policy statement. Calls on the people of Israel to reject all efforts to impose restrictive definitions of religious conversions. Expresses concern that religious and social freedoms implicit in Israel's Declaration of Independence and its Basic Laws are being endangered by new conversion legislation.


1998

Ethiopian Education in Israel* [IME]
Reaffirms prior Ethiopian Jewry statement. Notes the need to effectively address the educational absorption of Ethiopian youth, including an alarming increase in the number of teenage dropouts and a growing incidence of crime among Ethiopian immigrant youth. Urges the government of Israel and the Jewish Agency to allocate increased resources to provide maximum educational opportunities to Ethiopian youth in Israel.

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Israel and the Middle East

POLICY STATEMENTS


1980

Europe and the Middle East
Views with deep concern the anti-Israel positions taken by many Western European countries to appease the terrorist Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and Arab rejectionists in the hopes of ensuring access to oil supplies. Condemns European Economic Community's call for the PLO to be associated with Middle East peace negotiations as capitulation for terrorism. Calls upon these European countries to advance the Camp David Accords.

Peace And Security In The Middle East
Commends efforts taken toward normalization between Israel and Egypt as a step toward peace between Israel and its Arab neighbors. Hopes for strict adherence to the Camp David Accords. Notes the sacrifices made by Israel in carrying out peace provisions and views with dismay Egypt's suspension of autonomy talks and its votes for UN resolutions attacking Israel as contradictory to Camp David agreements. Urges the United States to refrain from making statements which could strengthen the power of rejectionist Arab forces and not to deal with the PLO. Affirms that the major obstacle to Middle East peace is the refusal of Arab states other than Egypt to recognize Israel.

US Arms Sales to Arab Countries* [TR , [US/USI]
Expresses dismay at the quantity and quality of weapons the United States Administration has proposed to sell to Saudi Arabia and Jordan and the approval of the sale of gas turbine engines to Iraq. Applauds position of many members of Congress who have spoken out against such sales.


1981

Peace And Security In The Middle East* [UN]
Reaffirms prior Policy Statements. Deplores the politicization of the United Nations and its specialized agencies as well as those who manipulate the United Nations in order to undermine Middle East peace. Calls on the United States Government to veto anti-Israel UN resolutions and "return the United Nations to the ideals and principles on which it was founded."

The United States and Israel* [TR , [US/USI]
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel policy statement. Commends President Reagan for his support of Israel, reaffirmation of US commitment to the Camp David Peace Process and denunciation of the PLO as a terrorist organization. Commends the Administration for defending Israel in the United Nations and those members of Congress who work to strengthen bonds between the United States and Israel. Calls on the Administration to recognize Israel's sovereign right to act in averting PLO attacks, particularly those from Lebanon. Expresses distress over the sale of AWACS and F-15 enhancement equipment to Saudi Arabia and urges the Administration to lift the suspension of delivery of F-16 and F-15 planes committed to Israel.


1982

Lebanon and Operation Peace in the Galilee
Supports Israel's right to defend its people from terrorism. Defends Israel's action against the Lebanon-based PLO as serving the security interests of Israel as well as of the international community.

The United States and Israel* [US/USI], UN]
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel and United Nations Policy Statements.


1984

The United States and Israel* [US/USI]
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel Policy Statements. Urges the US Government to insist that Egypt live up to its commitments in the peace treaty with Israel.

West German Arms Sales to Saudi Arabia
Finds morally reprehensible that West Germany is considering selling lethal weapons to Saudi Arabia, a nation which has declared "holy war" against Israel. Urges the Federal Republic of Germany to recognize its moral responsibility to the Jewish people and to avoid actions that could endanger Jewish life or threaten Israel.


 


1985

Arms Sales to Arab Countries* [US/USI]
Reaffirms prior US Arms Sales to Arab Countries policy statement. Opposes arms sales to Arab countries that do not negotiate directly, and make peace, with Israel.

Freedom, Justice and Peace in Israel* [ZN]
Strongly condemns the racist overtones in Meir Kahane's ideology. Rejects Kahane's definition of Zionism as inherently undemocratic. Notes with pride Israel's record as a model democracy. Reaffirms the principles of freedom, justice and peace stated in Israel's Declaration of Independence, and the complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex.

Peace And Security In The Middle East
Reaffirms prior Policy Statements. Urges the United States Administration to remain firm in its insistence on face-to-face negotiations between Israel and its Arab neighbors without preconditions. Opposes an international conference to resolve Arab-Israeli disputes as it would grant veto power to the Soviet Union and extreme elements in the Arab world. Expresses belief that enhancement of the Israel-Egypt relationship will contribute to confidence in the peace process.

 


1986

Dialogue and Understanding* [RP]
Views with deep concern the escalation of religious-secular tensions within Israel and deplores the use of violence by religious and secular extremists. Commends efforts of those in Israel and the Diaspora who are working to foster greater respect and dialogue between religious and secular communities.

Middle East Arms Sales* [US/USI]
Opposes the sale of advanced arms to any country that does not recognize Israel's right to exist and which refuses to engage in peace negotiations with Israel. Expresses dismay at the United States Administration's efforts to sell arms to Saudi Arabia and Jordan.

Peace And Security In The Middle East
Reaffirms prior Policy Statements. Acknowledges the decision of King Hassan II of Morocco to meet openly with the Prime Minister of Israel. Commends the United States' role in encouraging direct negotiations.

Spanish-Israel Relations
Acknowledges Spain as a full democratic partner in the European Economic Community. Calls upon Spain to open formal diplomatic relations with Israel.

Support Israel's Economic Growth
Commits to the economic growth of Israel. Calls on Hadassah members and the Jewish community at large to purchase Israeli-made products. Supports efforts of those in private groups and businesses who encourage increased tourism, trade and investment in Israel.

Tourism to Israel
Calls on Hadassah members and all Jewish organizations to promote tourism to Israel as a priority for their groups. Urges all members and the Jewish community at large to visit Israel this year.

Vatican-Israel Relations
Calls upon the Vatican to extend formal diplomatic recognition to the State of Israel.


1987

Jewish Family Law* [RP]
Calls for cooperation with Jewish women's groups which are urging the Rabbinate to devise solutions to the problems of Family Law such as agunah, halitzah, divorce, women's rights in marriage and custody of children.

Middle East Arms Sales [US/USI]
Reaffirms prior Middle East Arms Sales Policy Statements.

Peace And Security In The Middle East
Reaffirms prior Policy Statements, which state that peace can only be achieved through direct negotiations, which the United States should encourage and help facilitate.

Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals in Israel* [WJ/HR]
Expresses full support for Israel's efforts to prosecute Nazi war criminals and collaborators.

Women of the Wall* [RP]
Expresses the belief that every Jew has the right, individually and collectively, to pray freely at the Kotel (Western Wall). Expresses concern over the Supreme Court decision which affirmed regulations aimed at Women of the Wall and anger about abusive behavior directed toward women who wish to pray at the Wall. Calls on the Israeli government to protect the rights of all women to pray as they wish at the Kotel.


1988

The Administered Territories
Reaffirms prior Policy Statements. Recognizes the right and responsibility of Israel, in the face of continued violence, to make efforts to ensure public safety and order in the administered territories for the sake of all parties.

Tourism to Israel
Reaffirms prior Tourism to Israel policy statement.


1989

Israel's National Unity Government
Expresses solidarity with, and support for, the newly elected government of Israel. Anticipates continuing a partnership with the people and government of Israel.

Middle East Arms Race* [TR]
Reaffirms prior Policy Statements. Views with alarm the increased production and use of chemical and biological weapons and the acquisition of ballistic missiles in Syria, Libya, Iran and Iraq as the governments of these countries are connected with terrorist activities which pose a grave threat to regional and international stability. Commends the United States Government for adopting and enforcing international agreements on a worldwide ban on the production, stockpiling, and transfer of chemical and biological weapons and a halt of the proliferation of missile delivery systems.

Tourism to Israel
Reaffirms prior Tourism to Israel Policy Statements.


1990

Electoral Reform in Israel
Supports the call made by President Chaim Herzog and a majority of the Israeli people for election reform.

Middle East Arms Race* [TR]
Reaffirms prior Middle East Arms Race Policy Statements.

The Middle East Peace Process
Supports Israel's unity government in its peace initiative which calls for free and open elections in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip and multinational efforts to improve the quality of life of Palestinian Arabs in the territories. Welcomes the Bush Administration's support for Israel's peace proposal. Finds the PLO an unacceptable partner in the peace process until it repudiates its charter calling for the destruction of Israel and ceases its campaign of violence against Israel.


1991

The Arab Boycott
Condemns the Arab boycott of Israel, which includes blacklisting companies owned by Jews and those with economic ties to Israel. Urges the United States Government to exert pressure on Arab states imposing trade restrictions and to renounce the boycott.

The Gulf Crisis
Commends President Bush for his leadership in the Gulf Crisis and supports the policy of using force to counter Saddam Hussein's acts of aggression. Applauds the Bush Administration for its rejection of any linkage between Iraqi aggression against Kuwait and the resolution to the Arab-Israeli conflict. Pays tribute to the courage of the men and women in the United States armed forces and prays that they return home swiftly and safely.

Peace And Security In The Middle East
Reaffirms prior Peace and Security in the Middle East Policy Statements. Applauds new efforts to advance the peace process by Israel, the United States, and other nations friendly to Israel.

 


1992

Democracy in Israel
Congratulates Israeli citizens on their recent elections. Anticipates working with the new government of Israel to meet challenges and realize common goals.

Israeli MIA's And Hostages
Rejoices with the United States in the release of American and Western hostages held in Arab countries. Remembers the suffering of missing Israeli soldiers Zvi Feldman, Zacharay Baumel, Yehuda Katz and Ron Arad and the anguish of their families. Calls upon the United Nations Secretary General and the United States Government to ascertain the fate of these MIA's and secure their safe return.

The Middle East Peace Process
Reaffirms prior Peace and Security in the Middle East Policy Statements. Notes with pleasure the continuation of direct peace talks between Israel and its Arab neighbors. Hopes that talks will lead to peace and security for Israel and the entire region.

 


1993

Aids Policy In Israel
Supports efforts to suspend implementation of a program of mandatory HIV testing of individuals entering Israel for more than three months as they are discriminatory and infringe on privacy rights. Expresses belief that the most effective measures to combat the spread of HIV in Israel is the development of AIDS educational programs specific to the needs of various population segments.

The Arab Boycott
Reaffirms prior Arab Boycott policy statement.

Israeli MIA's
Reaffirms prior Israeli MIA's policy statement. Pledges Hadassah's full and active support in increasing public awareness of the issue, obtaining information on the soldiers, and returning them to their families.

Middle East Peace Process
Reaffirms prior Middle East Peace Process policy statement. Commends President Clinton's success in reconvening direct peace talks. Notes that the United States defined its role in the process as "full partner" and intends to serve as a facilitator and honest broker. Anticipates the success of multilateral working groups on arms control, water, the environment, refugees, and economic development.


1994

The Arab Boycott
Reaffirms prior Arab Boycott Policy Statements.

Israeli MIA's And POW's
Reaffirms prior Israeli MIA's policy statement. Acknowledges efforts by the Clinton administration, United States Congress and the Israeli government on behalf of the MIA's and POW's.

Middle East Peace Process* [IME]
Wholeheartedly supports and warmly congratulates the government and people of Israel for their bold and courageous pursuit of peace, security and economic stability for Israel and for all peoples and states in the Middle East. Expresses hope that the implementation of the Declaration of Principles signed by Prime Minister Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat in Washington on September 13, 1993, will lead to a just and lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians. Applauds the signing of the Washington Declaration by Prime Minister Rabin and King Hussein ending the 46-year state of war between Israel and Jordan. Commends President Clinton for reaffirming the commitment of the US to Israel's well-being and calls upon our government to provide the assurances and assistance to nurture the peace process to a successful conclusion.

Expresses great distress over attacks against Israeli civilians and soldiers by Palestinian terrorists. Calls on Yasser Arafat to denounce violence, take aggressive measures to restrain terrorism within the PLO, and submit approval to the Palestinian National Council to eliminate from the Palestinian National Charter all articles denying Israel's right to exist in peace. Calls on all Arab countries to end their economic boycott and enter into negotiations with Israel.


1995

The Massacre at Beit Lid* [TR]
Condemns the suicide bombing by Islamic extremists at the Beit Lid Junction outside Netanya as well as the celebration by Palestinian extremists of the deaths which resulted. Expresses belief that it is the responsibility of the PLO to stop all terrorists operating out of Gaza and other areas under its control and to eradicate the atmosphere of hate and violence among the Palestinian people. Notes that Syria must cease support of terrorism in order to negotiate with Israel.

The Middle East Peace Process
Reaffirms prior Middle East Peace Process policy statement.


1996

Peace and Security in Israel
Congratulates Benjamin Netanyahu on his election to Prime Minister and the inauguration of his new government in the Knesset. Welcomes the Prime Minister's commitment to bring a greater degree of respect, tolerance and pluralism to Israeli society. Welcomes President Clinton's pledge to work closely with the new government. Anticipates working with the new government to realize common dreams of peace and security in the Middle East.


1997

Israel's Missing-in-action
Reaffirms prior Israeli MIA's Policy Statements.

Middle East Peace Process
Reaffirms prior Middle East Peace Process Policy Statements as well as wholehearted support for the government of Israel in its pursuit for peace and security in the Middle East. Notes with concern the current impasse in the peace process and the use of violence and terrorism instead of negotiation by Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Authority to resolve differences. Deplores the Palestinian Authority's imposing of the death penalty against Palestinians who sell land to Jews.


1998

Middle East Peace Process
Reaffirms support for the government of Israel in its determined pursuit of peace with security for the people of Israel. Notes with concern the continuing impasse in the peace process. Stresses that implementation of existing agreements and elimination of hostile rhetoric and threats of violence are vital to achieving the goal of peace and security in the region; the peace process can move forward once the Palestinian Authority demonstrates maximum effort against terrorism. Commends the Administration and Congress for ongoing commitments to Israel's security and well-being. Supports the American role as facilitator for direct face-to-face negotiations between the parties, without imposing outside pressure. Expresses belief that the current peace process offers the most realistic hope for advancing peace between Israel, its Arab neighbors and the Palestinians.

Ethiopian Education in Israel* [AL]
Reaffirms prior Ethiopian Jewry statement. Notes the need to effectively address the educational absorption of Ethiopian youth, including an alarming increase in the number of teenage dropouts and a growing incidence of crime among Ethiopian immigrant youth. Urges the government of Israel and the Jewish Agency to allocate increased resources to provide maximum educational opportunities to Ethiopian youth in Israel.

The 50th Anniversary Of The State Of Israel
Salutes the people of Israel and joins them and the entire Jewish community in celebrating the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the State of Israel. Expresses our hope for a strong and secure independent Jewish state.

Tobacco In Israel
Notes with deep concern the high rate of tobacco use among Israelis, especially Israeli adolescents, and the link between smoking and various other chronic diseases. Urges the Israeli government and public health organizations to pass relevant legislation restricting tobacco usage by minors.


1999

Middle East Peace Process* [US/USI]
Reaffirms support of the government of Israel in its efforts to achieve a real and lasting peace with its neighbors. Applauds the Clinton Administration and its efforts in negotiating the Wye River Memorandum in October 1998 and hopes that the US Administration will continue to promote the peace process and fulfill the terms of the agreements as reached by both parties through direct negotiations. Condemns the violent rhetoric and incitement used by the Palestinians with the aim of influencing the implementation of the Wye agreement. Commends the Administration and Congress on their continued commitments to Israel's security and economic well-being.

Nuclear Proliferation And Weapons Of Mass Destruction* [US/USI]
Views with alarm the development of missile, nuclear, and biological weapons by Iran, Iraq and other terrorist-supporting states whose weapons capabilities can reach Israel, Saudi Arabia and Turkey. Urges the US Administration to enforce existing legislation that imposes trade sanctions against countries and companies that supply rogue states with materials used in developing weapons of mass destruction.

Women's Participation In Israeli Politics
Applauds a breakthrough in Israeli political life with the election of the first female mayor of a major Israeli city and the highest number of female candidates to date who participated in municipal elections. Supports Israeli women's institutions in their development of women's political leadership and hopes this marks the beginning of a tradition that encourages more women to participate in Israeli political life.

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Jerusalem

POLICY STATEMENTS


1980

Jerusalem* [US/USI]
Reaffirms that Jerusalem, the capital of Israel, must remain a "united city under Israeli sovereignty." Notes that Israeli jurisdiction over Jerusalem safeguards the free movement of people and freedom of religious worship in the city. Urges the United States to move its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

Security Council Resolution On Jerusalem* [UN, US/USI]
Views with dismay United States' failure to veto the UN Security Council Resolution calling for the removal of embassies from Jerusalem. Urges President Carter to endorse a platform recognizing Jerusalem as the united capital of Israel.

 


1981-1985, 1989

Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statement.


1990

Jerusalem* [US/USI]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements. Supports the right of Jews to live anywhere within Jerusalem's borders. Salutes the United States Congress for recognizing that "Jerusalem is and should remain the capital of the State of Israel."


1991

Jerusalem* [US/USI]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements. Anticipates the 1992 celebration of 25 years of a united Jerusalem under Israeli sovereignty.


 


1992

Jerusalem* [US/USI]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements.

 


1993

Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements. Refers to Jerusalem Covenants, which were signed by thousands of Hadassah members and delivered to the President of Israel on Yom Yerushalayim.


1994

Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements.


1995

Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements. Notes that in September, 1995 Jerusalem celebrates 3,000 years since its establishment as the capital of Israel by King David.


1997

30th Anniversary Of The Reunification Of Jerusalem* [US/USI]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements. Congratulates the people of Jerusalem on their city's 30th year of reunification. Celebrates 30 years since Hadassah Hospital reopened on Mount Scopus. Salutes the United States Congress for its adoption of resolutions and legislation recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and requiring the American embassy to relocate to Jerusalem.


2012

Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statement.

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Religious Pluralism

POLICY STATEMENTS


1986

Dialogue and Understanding* [IME]
Views with deep concern the escalation of religious-secular tensions within Israel and deplores the use of violence by religious and secular extremists. Commends efforts of those in Israel and the Diaspora who are working to foster greater respect and dialogue between religious and secular communities.

Identity Cards * [AL]
Opposes new procedure ordered by Israel's Minister of Interior to stamp the word "converted" onto identity cards of those who immigrate to Israel after their conversion to Judaism. Calls on Israeli government to have this ruling rescinded.

Law Of Return* [AL]
Reaffirms opposition to any alteration of Israel's Law of Return which states that any Jew can come home to Israel. Notes that action to amend the law threatens to weaken the sense of Jewish solidarity that binds the Jewish people to Israel.

 


1987

Jewish Family Law* [IME]
Calls for cooperation with Jewish women's groups which are urging the Rabbinate to devise solutions to the problems of Family Law such as agunah, halitzah, divorce, women's rights in marriage and custody of children.

Law Of Return* [AL]
Reaffirms prior Law of Return policy statement. Strongly objects to Israel's religious hierarchy ruling on the legitimacy of conversions performed outside Israel, thereby altering the Law of Return.

Polarization And Factionalism In The American Jewish Community
Views with great concern polarization and factionalism in the American Jewish community. Recognizes need for communication, cooperation and mutual respect in relation to sensitive issues like conversion, inter-marriage, and personal status. Calls on Hadassah members to take an active role in urging denominations to engage in meaningful dialogue. Commends those religious leaders who have moved dialogue forward.

Women of the Wall* [IME]
Expresses the belief that every Jew has the right, individually and collectively, to pray freely at the Kotel (Western Wall). Expresses concern over the Supreme Court decision which affirmed regulations aimed at Women of the Wall and anger about abusive behavior directed toward women who wish to pray at the Wall. Calls on the Israeli government to protect the rights of all women to pray as they wish at the Kotel.


1996

Religious Pluralism and the Unity of the Jewish People* [AL]
Reaffirms prior Law of Return policy statement. Affirms commitment to the principle of religious pluralism. Opposes any new legislation to redefine religious conversions in a way which would alienate major segments of the Jewish people from their connection to Israel.


1997

Religious Pluralism in Israel* [AL]
Reaffirms prior Religious Pluralism and the Unity of the Jewish People policy statement. Calls on the people of Israel to reject all efforts to impose restrictive definitions of religious conversions. Expresses concern that religious and social freedoms implicit in Israel's Declaration of Independence and its Basic Laws are being endangered by new conversion legislation.


 


1998

Religious Pluralism And Jewish Unity
Reaffirms long-standing commitment to the principle of religious pluralism and the preservation of Jewish unity. Voices strong opposition to the recently proposed conversion law in Israel, noting that it has been a source of distress for millions of Jews, threatens Jewish unity and can lead to the alienation of major segments of the world Jewish community from their connections to Israel. Stresses the vital importance of the centrality of Israel to Jewish life and to the fundamental unity of the Jewish people. Expresses hope that the Ne'eman Commission will be able to resolve the difficult issues pertaining to personal and religious status in Israel in a way that will maintain and strengthen the unity of the Jewish people.

 


2012

Protecting Women's Rights in Israel
Maintains a long-standing commitment to the principle of religious pluralism and the preservation of Jewish unity. Denounces recent attempts by religious extremists to segregate and discriminate against women in Israel's public spaces and urges the government of the State of Israel and all its municipalities to address instances of public discrimination against women, fully investigate such cases and bring those who commit these acts to justice.

 

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Terrorism

POLICY STATEMENTS


1980

US Arms Sales to Arab Countries* [IME, [US/USI]
Expresses dismay at the quantity and quality of weapons the United States Administration has proposed to sell to Saudi Arabia and Jordan and the approval of the sale of gas turbine engines to Iraq. Applauds position of many members of Congress who have spoken out against such sales.

The United States and Israel* [IME, [US/USI]
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel policy statement. Commends President Reagan for his support of Israel, reaffirmation of US commitment to the Camp David Peace Process and denunciation of the PLO as a terrorist organization. Commends the Administration for defending Israel in the United Nations and those members of Congress who work to strengthen bonds between the United States and Israel. Calls on the Administration to recognize Israel's sovereign right to act in averting PLO attacks, particularly those from Lebanon. Expresses distress over the sale of AWACS and F-15 enhancement equipment to Saudi Arabia and urges the Administration to lift the suspension of delivery of F-16 and F-15 planes committed to Israel.

 


1985

Terrorism
Commends President Ronald Reagan and Secretary of State Shultz for their denunciation of the PLO as a terrorist organization and for their pledge to combat international terrorism. Urges the United States not to negotiate with the PLO or its representatives.


1986

Terrorism
Reaffirms prior Terrorism policy statement. Calls on the government of the United States to press its allies to combat international terrorism, hijackings and sabotage of international air travel through political and economic sanctions.


1987

The Plo And Terrorism
Reaffirms prior Terrorism policy statement. Calls on the United States Government to close all offices in the United States financed and directed by the PLO.


 


1989

Middle East Arms Race* [IME]
Reaffirms prior Policy Statements. Views with alarm the increased production and use of chemical and biological weapons and the acquisition of ballistic missiles in Syria, Libya, Iran and Iraq as the governments of these countries are connected with terrorist activities which pose a grave threat to regional and international stability. Commends the United States Government for adopting and enforcing international agreements on a worldwide ban on the production, stockpiling, and transfer of chemical and biological weapons and a halt of the proliferation of missile delivery systems.

The PLO
Deplores the growing efforts to legitimize the PLO. Calls on the United States Government to discontinue dialogue with the PLO unless the Palestinian National Council renounces its covenant calling for the destruction of Israel, PLO terrorist operations are entirely dismantled, the PLO calls on its supporters in the West Bank and Gaza to end their violence, and the PLO condemns all acts of terror committed by its representatives or factions.

 


1990

Middle East Arms Race* [IME]
Reaffirms prior Middle East Arms Race Policy Statements.

The PLO
Reaffirms prior PLO policy statement.

Temporary Expulsion Of Hamas Terrorist Leaders From Israel* [IME]
Applauds Israeli Government's determination to fight terror and expose the dangers of Muslim fundamentalism. Fully supports the temporary removal from Israel of some 400 leaders of Hamas and Islamic Jihad in order to prevent more terrorism and murder.

 


1994

Middle East Peace Process* [IME]
Wholeheartedly supports and warmly congratulates the government and people of Israel for their bold and courageous pursuit of peace, security and economic stability for Israel and for all peoples and states in the Middle East. Expresses hope that the implementation of the Declaration of Principles signed by Prime Minister Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat in Washington on September 13, 1993, will lead to a just and lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians. Applauds the signing of the Washington Declaration by Prime Minister Rabin and King Hussein ending the 46-year state of war between Israel and Jordan. Commends President Clinton for reaffirming the commitment of the US to Israel's well-being and calls upon our government to provide the assurances and assistance to nurture the peace process to a successful conclusion.

Expresses great distress over attacks against Israeli civilians and soldiers by Palestinian terrorists. Calls on Yasser Arafat to denounce violence, take aggressive measures to restrain terrorism within the PLO, and submit approval to the Palestinian National Charter all articles denying Israel's right to exist in peace. Calls on Arab countries to end their economic boycott and enter into negotiations with Israel.

Terrorism* [WJ/HR]
Expresses outrage over terrorist bombings against Jewish and Israeli institutions around the world (notably in Argentina and Great Britain) by Islamic extremists and others attempting to destroy the peace process. Calls on Argentine and British governments to bring swift justice to the guilty parties. Urges the international community to take preventive measures against all extremist groups and to publicly condemn all acts of terrorism when they occur.

 


1995

The Massacre At Beit Lid* [IME]
Condemns the suicide bombing by Islamic extremists at the Beit Lid Junction outside Netanya as well as the celebration by Palestinian extremists of the deaths which resulted. Expresses belief that it is the responsibility of the PLO to stop all terrorists operating out of Gaza and other areas under its control and to eradicate the atmosphere of hate and violence among the Palestinian people. Notes that Syria must cease support of terrorism in order to negotiate with Israel.

Terrorism
Reaffirms prior Terrorism policy statement. Calls on Yasser Arafat to take aggressive measures to disarm terrorist elements in the PLO. Recalls shock and pain over Oklahoma City bombing and urges Congress and the Administration to adopt strong legislation to combat domestic terrorism.

 


1998

Terrorism
Expresses outrage and condemns the continuing terrorist attacks against Israel by Islamic extremists and other enemies of Israel and the Jewish people. Notes that these attacks are blatant attempts to destroy all prospects for peace and security in Israel and the Middle East. Calls on Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Authority to comply with their commitments to denounce these acts of violence and to take aggressive measures to restrain, disarm and uproot the various terrorist elements under their jurisdiction. Urges the United States to intensify its efforts to monitor and take preventive measures against illegal activities by militant Islamic fundamentalist and other extremists groups, including other nations that support their terrorist activities. Views with alarm the acquisition by Iran, Iraq, Libya, Syria and other terrorist-support states of missile and nuclear technology from Russia and other countries. Expresses deep concern with the development of chemical and biological weapons by these rogue states. Urges Congress and the Administration to support firm American action in support of the provisions of the Iran-Libya Sanctions Act.

 

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United Nations

POLICY STATEMENTS


1980

United Nations
Expresses concern that the Unites Nations has become the "principle international forum for the Arab states and their allies to attack Israel and Zionism." Condemns the politicization of UN specialized agencies, manipulation of the UN by those seeking to destroy chances for Middle East peace, biased statements of Secretary General Kurt Waldheim supporting Palestinian statehood and self-determination, and the recent subversion by the PLO of the legitimate purposes off the UN Mid-Decade Conference on Women as a move to attack Israel, Zionism and the Jewish People. Calls on the United States to veto one-sided anti-Israel resolutions in the Security Council, maintain its commitment to the Camp David Accords and deter any efforts to alter resolutions 242 and 338 on which it was based, and use diplomatic and economic means to return the UN to the ideals and principles on which it was founded.

Security Council Resolution On Jerusalem* [JR, [US/USI]
Views with dismay United States' failure to veto the UN Security Council Resolution calling for the removal of embassies from Jerusalem. Urges President Carter to endorse a platform recognizing Jerusalem as the united capital of Israel.

 


1981

Peace And Security In The Middle East* [IME]
Reaffirms prior Policy Statements. Deplores the politicization of the United Nations and its specialized agencies as well as those who manipulate the United Nations in order to undermine Middle East peace. Calls on the United States Government to veto anti-Israel UN resolutions and "return the United Nations to the ideals and principles on which it was founded."


1982

Human Rights* [WJ/HR]
Expresses outrage that some international agencies established to protect human rights have been subverted to political purposes hostile to Israel, Jewish interests and the very cause of human rights, notably the United Nations, some of whose programs have become instruments for Arab and Soviet attacks on Israel. Applauds the efforts of the United States Administration to seek review of compliance with the human rights provisions of the Helsinki Final Act and of the US delegation to the Madrid Conference in defending human rights, especially those of Soviet Jews. Salutes Israel as a vibrant democracy that stands as a beacon to a world in which freedom and the cause of human rights are under constant attack.

The United States and Israel* [IME, [US/USI]
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel and United Nations Policy Statements.


1985

Reaffirmation of Zionism* [ZN]
Reaffirms the belief that Zionism is the "fulfillment of the Jewish People's right to self-determination and to live in freedom, democracy and independence in its ancient homeland, Israel." Condemns any linkage between Zionism and racism, especially the 1975 UN General Assembly Resolution 3379, which is itself a form of bigotry and anti-Semitism. Pledges support to counter damage done by this resolution. Commends the United States Congress for its passage of joint resolution S.J. 98 condemning United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379.


 


1990

The UN Anti-Zionist Resolution* [ZN]
Reaffirms prior Reaffirmation of Zionism policy statement. Reaffirms determination to achieve repeal of the 1975 UN resolution equating Zionism with racism. Calls upon all governments to repeal the UN resolution. Welcomes the Bush Administration's commitment to this cause.

 


1991

The UN Anti-Zionist Resolution* [ZN]
Reaffirms prior UN Anti-Zionist Resolution policy statement. Notes that the resolution has been the "spearhead of a vicious Arab-sponsored campaign to challenge Israel's legitimacy."

 


1998

Israel And The United Nations
Urges admission of the State of Israel as a temporary member in the Western European and Others Group (WEOG) at the United Nations. Expresses the belief that the disenfranchisement of Israel through the denial of such a membership is discriminatory and a violation of the fundamental principles of the UN. Calls upon the United States and European Union to support Israel's entry to the WEOG to enable the State of Israel to serve equally on all United Nations bodies. Notes with dismay recent efforts by Yasser Arafat, the PLO and several Arab states to use the UN as a tool in their diplomatic and propaganda war against Israel. Expresses hope that the United Nations will begin to take a new, more positive approach toward Israel.

 


2002

UNRWA* [IME]
Dismayed at UNRWA's handling of the Palestinian refugees located in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, the West Bank and Gaza. Calls on the UN to reform UNRWA by moving it to the administration of the UNHCR and that UNRWA becomes part of the process of economic development and democratization for the Palestinians. UNRWA must conduct background checks on all of its employees and deny employment to any Palestinian with links to terror organizations. The UNRWA Director must also report on trends within UNRWA administered camps, which endanger the lives of civilians, such as the activity of terror cells and terror organizations in the camps. The US government must encourage these reforms, conduct an audit of US taxpayers' funds that have been used in the Palestinian refugee camps by UNRWA and whether those funds have been used to advance a culture of hatred and terror.

 

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U.S. and U.S.- Israel Relations

POLICY STATEMENTS


1980

Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms that Jerusalem, the capital of Israel, must remain a "united city under Israeli sovereignty." Notes that Israeli jurisdiction over Jerusalem safeguards the free movement of people and freedom of religious worship in the city. Urges the United States to move its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

Security Council Resolution On Jerusalem* [JR, UN]
Views with dismay United States' failure to veto the UN Security Council Resolution calling for the removal of embassies from Jerusalem. Urges President Carter to endorse a platform recognizing Jerusalem as the united capital of Israel.

US Arms Sales To Arab Countries* [IME, TR]
Expresses dismay at the quantity and quality of weapons the United States Administration has proposed to sell to Saudi Arabia and Jordan and the approval of the sale of gas turbine engines to Iraq. Applauds position of many members of Congress who have spoken out against such sales.

The United States And Israel
Recognizes the need for stable American allies in the Middle East in the face of Iranian turmoil and Soviet aggression in Afghanistan. Acknowledges past aid to Israel and urges the United States to pursue policies which reflect its recognition of Israel as a democratic ally and strategic asset as well as its sympathy to Israel's economic and military needs.

 


1981

Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statement.

The United States And Israel* [IME, TR]
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel policy statement. Commends President Reagan for his support of Israel, reaffirmation of US commitment to the Camp David Peace Process and denunciation of the PLO as a terrorist organization. Commends the Administration for defending Israel in the United Nations and those members of Congress who work to strengthen bonds between the United States and Israel. Calls on the Administration to recognize Israel's sovereign right to act in averting PLO attacks, particularly those from Lebanon. Expresses distress over the sale of AWACS and F-15 enhancement equipment to Saudi Arabia and urges the Administration to lift the suspension of delivery of F-16 and F-15 planes committed to Israel.


1982, 1983

Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statement.

The United States And Israel* [IME,UN]

Reaffirms prior United States and Israel and United Nations Policy Statements.


1984

Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statement.

The United States And Israel
* [IME]
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel Policy Statements. Urges the US government to insist that Egypt live up to its commitments in the Peace Treaty with Israel.


 


1985

Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statement.

The United States And Israel* [IME]
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel Policy Statements. Urges the US government to insist that Egypt live up to its commitments in the Peace Treaty with Israel.

Arms Sales* [IME]
Reaffirms prior US Arms Sales to Arab Countries policy statement. Opposes arms sales to Arab countries that do not negotiate directly, and make peace, with Israel.

 


1986

The UN Anti-Zionist Resolution* [ZN]
Reaffirms prior UN Anti-Zionist Resolution policy statement. Notes that the resolution has been the "spearhead of a vicious Arab-sponsored campaign to challenge Israel's legitimacy."

 


1987

The United States And Israel
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel Policy Statements. Expresses pleasure in the deepening economic, political and strategic cooperation between the United States and Israel.

Middle East Arms Sales* [IME]
Reaffirms prior Middle East Arms Sales Policy Statements.

 


1988

The United States And Israel
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel Policy Statements.

American Jews And Israel's Security
Expresses the belief that it is not the role of American Jewish organizations to criticize publicly or to take sides in the media on issues concerning Israel's national security. Reaffirms support of Israel's government in its pursuit of peace.

 


1989

Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statement.

The New US Administration And Congress

Salutes the newly elected President, George Bush, and the 101st Congress of the United States and expresses hope that the close ties between Israel and the US will continue under the new Administration.

The United States And Israel

Reaffirms prior United States and Israel Policy Statements. Commends those American states which have adopted programs to develop cultural and economic ties with Israel.

 


1990

Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements. Supports the right of Jews to live anywhere within Jerusalem's borders. Salutes the United States Congress for recognizing that "Jerusalem is and should remain the capital of the State of Israel."

The United States And Israel

Reaffirms prior United States and Israel Policy Statements.

Foreign Aid To Israel
Urges the United States to maintain its current level of economic and military aid to Israel as the only democratic, dependable ally in the Middle East. Notes the economic needs of hundreds of thousands of Israeli immigrants from the former Soviet Union whose immigration was aided by the United States. Calls on the US to increase aid for their absorption.

 


1991

Absorption Loan Guarantees* [AL,WJ/HR]
Urges the United States Government to assist Israel financially in the absorption of Soviet and Ethiopian Jews through loan guarantees, which will enable Israel to obtain commercial loans at advantageous terms. Applauds those in Israel who have welcomed new immigrants with generosity.

Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements. Anticipates the 1992 celebration of 25 years of a united Jerusalem under Israeli sovereignty.

The United States And Israel
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel Policy Statements.

 


1992

Absorption Loan Guarantees* [AL,WJ/HR]
Urges the United States Government to assist Israel financially in the absorption of Soviet and Ethiopian Jews through loan guarantees, which will enable Israel to obtain commercial loans at advantageous terms. Applauds those in Israel who have welcomed new immigrants with generosity.

Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements. Anticipates the 1992 celebration of 25 years of a united Jerusalem under Israeli sovereignty.

The United States And Israel
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel Policy Statements.

 


1993

Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements. Refers to Jerusalem Covenants, which were signed by thousands of Hadassah members and delivered to the President of Israel on Yom Yerushalayim.

The United States And Israel
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel Policy Statements. Notes the importance of foreign aid to Israel to aid the Middle East peace process. States that 75 percent of all aid given to Israel is spent in the United States, thereby giving the US political and economic benefits.

The Case Of Jonathan Pollard
Acknowledges that Jonathan Pollard pleaded guilty to the charge of Conspiracy to Deliver National Defense Information to a Foreign Government and has already served seven years of his sentence. Calls on the President of the United States to commute Pollard's sentence to time already served for humanitarian reasons.

 


1994

Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements
The United States And Israel
Reaffirms prior United States and Israel Policy Statements. Expresses pleasure in the passage of the foreign aid bill in Congress that preserves generous appropriations to Israel.

 


1995

Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements. Notes that in September 1995 Jerusalem celebrates 3,000 years since its establishment as the capital of Israel by King David.


1997

30th Anniversary Of The Reunification Of Jerusalem* [JR]
Reaffirms prior Jerusalem statements. Congratulates the people of Jerusalem on their city's 30th year of reunification. Celebrates 30 years since Hadassah Hospital reopened on Mount Scopus. Salutes the United States Congress for its adoption of resolutions and legislation recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and requiring the American embassy to relocate to Jerusalem.

 


1998

Middle East Peace Process* [IME]
Reaffirms support of the government of Israel in its efforts to achieve a real and lasting peace with its neighbors. Applauds the Clinton Administration and its efforts in negotiating the Wye River Memorandum in October 1998 and hopes that the US Administration will continue to promote the peace process and fulfill the terms of the agreements as reached by both parties through direct negotiations. Condemns the violent rhetoric and incitement used by the Palestinians with the aim of influencing the implementation of the Wye agreement. Commends the Administration and Congress on their continued commitments to Israel's security and economic well-being.

Nuclear Proliferation And Weapons Of Mass Destruction* [IME]
Views with alarm the development of missile, nuclear, and biological weapons by Iran, Iraq and other terrorist-supporting states whose weapons capabilities can reach Israel, Saudi Arabia and Turkey. Urges the US Administration to enforce existing legislation that imposes trade sanctions against countries and companies that supply rogue states with materials used in developing weapons of mass destruction.


2002

Energy In The Environment[IME]
Calls upon Congress and the Administration to develop and enact a comprehensive energy policy that decreases US dependence on foreign sources of oil while advancing alternative energy solutions to protect our nation's environment. This can be achieved by the following: the maintenance of a substantial strategic fuel reserve, to reduce vulnerability to foreign oil embargoes; a strong program of energy conservation, including stricter fuel efficiency requirements for all new cars, trucks and SUVs and the support of research and development of alternative means of fuel; the search for domestic sources of oil and alternative non-fossil fuel energy options that do not harm our natural environment.


2004

Middle East Studies* [IME,ZN]
Based on a long standing commitment to ensuring that education is factually accurate and unbiased, Hadassah recognizes the value of Middle East studies programs and calls upon the federal government to continue funding these programs through Title VI. Hadassah additionally recommends the establishment of an advisory board to work with Congress and the Secretary of Education to suggest ways in which recipients of Title VI grants can assure that they are presenting fair and objective courses and programs that are consistent with the value of academic integrity. Finally, Hadassah strongly recommends that this advisory board carefully balance its monitoring duties with a commitment to academic freedom for both students and professors, striving to enhance opportunities for dialogue on campus, while not exercising undue influence over students and professors.

 

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World Jewish Concerns and Human Rights

POLICY STATEMENTS


1980

Ethiopian Jewry
Expresses concern over the possible extinction of the Jews of Ethiopia who are caught in the crossfire of violent national struggles. Commends the Israeli government and the Jewish Agency for their steps toward rescue and aliyah of Ethiopian Jews and the World Zionist Organization and the American Jewish community for their supportive efforts.

Neshira
Expresses concern that Neshira* may jeopardize prospects for future immigration of Soviet Jews and that some funds raised for Israel in the United States are being diverted to meet the cost of resettlement in the United States. Notes that resettlement programs for Soviet Jews in the United States have been an important factor in encouraging the process of Neshira. States Hadassah's respect for freedom of immigration choice for Soviet Jews but also supports a halt in the Neshira process to ensure maximum Soviet Jewry emigration to Israel. (* When Soviet Jews obtained exit visas to Israel, but then "dropped out" and immigrated to the United States or elsewhere.)

Distressed Jewish Communities
Reaffirms deep concern for the plight of Jews held captive, persecuted or harassed in the countries of their residence, like those in Syria and Iran. Urges the United States to press for an end of the restrictions imposed on the Jewish community. Expresses shock and distress at the imprisonment of Iranian Jewish leaders on the basis of fraudulent charges.

Soviet Jewry
Expresses solidarity with the Jews of the Soviet Union who have been deprived of basic rights by the Soviet Constitution, the Helsinki act and other international agreements to which the Soviet Union adheres. Resolves to continue efforts on behalf of Soviet Prisoners of Zion and Refuseniks. Notes with alarm the progressive decline of Jewish emigration from the Soviet Union.

Calls upon the Soviet Government to free all Jewish Prisoners of Conscience, cease and desist from intimidating Jewish activists through political trials, grant exit visas to Israel to all Refuseniks who have been denied the right to emigrate, and permit Jews to maintain their national identity through the free practice of religion and cultural activities.

Calls on the United States to uphold the cause of human rights for all, including those of Soviet Jews, as a major priority, and ensure that the US delegation to the 1980 Madrid Review Conference will press for the implementation of the Helsinki Accords as they pertain to Soviet Jews whose rights have been violated by the Soviet Union.

 


1981

Argentine Jewry
Expresses concern over the continuing anti-Semitic activities and the dissemination of anti-Semitic literature in Argentina, and over those Argentineans who are denied their rights and those who have "disappeared." Urges the Argentine government to strengthen its efforts to suppress all manifestations of anti-Semitism and to ensure human rights for all of its citizens.

Ethiopian Jewry
Reaffirms prior Ethiopian Jewry policy statement.

Neshira
Reaffirms prior Neshira policy statement. Notes that Neshira provides an excuse for Soviet imposition of new restrictions on Jewish emigration.

Protection Of Jewish Rights
Reaffirms prior Distressed Jewish Communities policy statement.

Soviet Jewry
Reaffirms prior Soviet Jewry policy statement. Condemns the Soviet crackdown on Jewish self-education seminars and Hebrew classes as well as the Soviet government's purveyance of anti-Semitic propaganda.


1982

Human Rights* [UN]
Expresses outrage that some international agencies established to protect human rights have been subverted to political purposes hostile to Israel, Jewish interests and the very cause of human rights, notably the United Nations, some of whose programs have become instruments for Arab and Soviet attacks on Israel. Applauds the efforts of the United States Administration to seek review of compliance with the human rights provisions of the Helsinki Final Act and of the US delegation to the Madrid Conference in defending human rights, especially those of Soviet Jews. Salutes Israel as a vibrant democracy and expresses belief that Jewish rights will be secure when the rights of all people are protected.

Oppressed Jewish Communities
Reaffirms prior Distressed Jewish Communities and Ethiopian Jewry Policy Statements.

Soviet Jewry
Reaffirms prior Soviet Jewry Policy Statements. Deplores the harassment of Ida Nudel since her release from Siberian exile and urges that she be granted an immediate exit permit. Anticipates rewarding her with the Henrietta Szold Award which was presented to her in absentia in 1981.


1983

Ethiopian Jewry
Reaffirms prior Ethiopian Jewry Policy Statements. Acknowledges efforts of the Israeli Government and the Jewish Agency to secure freedom and the right to emigrate for Ethiopian Jews and to provide facilities for their resettlement in Israel.

Soviet Jewry

Reaffirms prior Soviet Jewry Policy Statements.


1984

Ethiopian Jewry
Reaffirms prior Ethiopian Jewry Policy Statements.

Soviet Jewry
Reaffirms prior Soviet Jewry Policy Statements. Vows to stand by Soviet Jews until they are permitted free exercise of their rights.

 


1985

Ethiopian Jewry
Applauds the rescue, aliyah and absorption of the majority of Ethiopian Jews by the government of Israel. Commends the United States Government for providing funds and other assistance for the transport and integration of Ethiopian Jews in Israel. Expresses deep concern for those Jews still in Ethiopia and pledges to continue efforts to reunite the entire Ethiopian Jewish community in Israel.

Soviet Jewry
Reaffirms prior Soviet Jewry Policy Statements. Deplores the virtual "closing of the gates of the Soviet Union to Jewish emigration."

 


1986

Soviet Jewry
Reaffirms prior Soviet Jewry Policy Statements. Condemns the growing number of arrests, trials and imprisonment of Soviet Jews and reaffirms support for the Jackson-Vanik Amendment which has guided US policy on Soviet Jewish emigration. Welcomes the aliyah of Anatoly Sharansky and calls for the release of activist Ida Nudel and physicist Dr. Andrei Sakharov.

 


1987

Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals in Israel* [IME]
Expresses full support for Israel's efforts to prosecute Nazi war criminals and collaborators.

Soviet Jewry
Reaffirms prior Soviet Jewry Policy Statements. Commends efforts of the Reagan Administration on behalf of Soviet Jews. Notes that Jews continue to be denied free practice of religion despite assurances regarding a loosening of restraints on religious and cultural expression.

 


1988

Soviet Jewry
Reaffirms prior Soviet Jewry Policy Statements. Welcomes increased levels of Jewish emigration, the release of all the Prisoners of Zion and some loosening of restraints on Jewish religious and cultural expression. Calls on the Soviet Union to remove all "persistent prohibitions" against Jewish religious, cultural and educational activities.

Soviet Jewry: New Emigration Procedures* [AL]

Endorses the resolution adopted by the Jewish Agency Assembly welcoming Israel's decision to secure direct flights from the Soviet Union to Israel for those who request an exit permit from the Soviet Union to Israel. The Jewish Agency resolution also states commitment to enhance the capacity of Israel to receive and resettle Soviet Jews and all olim in Israel. Calls upon other governments to urge the Soviet Union to adhere to its commitment to the Helsinki Accords and other international agreements regarding the Right to Leave. Calls upon the Soviet Government to permit Jews in the Soviet Union freedom of religion, culture and language.

 


1989

Resettlement of Soviet Jews* [AL]
Welcomes the improvement of conditions for Jews in the Soviet Union and the significant increase in Jewish emigration from the USSR. Urges the implementation of new emigration procedures that will encourage Soviet Jews to make aliyah but also preserve the principle of free choice in immigration. Calls upon world Jewry to provide financial support and urges that the Jewish Agency for Israel be the major recipient of communal funds raised for the resettlement of Soviet Jews.

Soviet Jewry
Reaffirms prior Soviet Jewry Policy Statements. Expresses acceptance of a temporary waiver of the Jackson-Vanik Amendment provided the President of the United States receives assurance from Soviet authorities in sustained high level of Jewish emigration, strict limits on the "state secrets" restrictions on emigration, resolution of the "poor relatives" problem and progress on the cases of long-term refuseniks.

 


1990

Anti-semitism
Views with alarm increased manifestations of anti-Semitism and neo-Nazi activities in the United States and around the world including physical attacks on Jews, desecration of Jewish cemeteries and vandalism of Jewish schools and synagogues. Expresses belief that these acts are a major result of the proliferation of anti-Zionist and anti-Israel propaganda in the United Nations as well as international actions that have granted legitimacy to the PLO. Pledges support to educational, legislative and other efforts to combat anti-Semitism, anti-Zionism and neo-Nazism.

Soviet Jewry* [AL]
Welcomes with elation the unprecedented emigration and aliyah of Soviet Jews. Pledges Hadassah's support in the effort to provide smooth absorption and integration of Soviet Jews into Israel and Israeli society. Salutes the Hadassah Medical Organization, Hadassah Academic College, Hadassah Career Counseling Institute, Hadassah sponsored Youth Aliyah facilities and Hadassah-Israel for their efforts in absorption of Soviet Jews. Deplores attempts by Arab countries to seek curtailment of Soviet Jewish emigration to Israel. Urges the United States Administration to reaffirm its position on the right of Soviet Jews to immigrate to Israel.

 


1991

Absorption Loan Guarantees* [AL, US/USI]
Urges the United States Government to assist Israel financially in the absorption of Soviet and Ethiopian Jews through loan guarantees, which will enable Israel to obtain commercial loans at advantageous terms. Applauds those in Israel who have welcomed new immigrants with generosity.

Ethiopian Jewish Aliyah* [AL]
Congratulates the Israeli government on the rescue of Ethiopian Jews through Operation Solomon. Expresses gratitude to the United States Government, and especially to President Bush and Senator Boschwitz for their assistance. Commends the Joint Distribution Committee, the Jewish Agency and other organizations for their efforts. Pledges service to the Ethiopian community in Israel through Hadassah's health and educational facilities and special funding for youth.

Endangered Jewish Communities
Reaffirms prior Oppressed Jewish Communities Policy Statements. Notes in particular the communities in Syrian, Yemen and Iran. Urges the United States Government to intensify pressure on Syria to end restrictions imposed on its Jewish community.

Soviet Jewry

Reaffirms prior Soviet Jewry Policy Statements. Expresses appreciation to the United States Congress and Administration for the $400 million housing loan guarantee extended to Israel for the absorption of Soviet Jewish immigrants. Urges the United States to provide additional loan guarantees in coming years.

 


1992

Absorption Loan Guarantees* [AL, US/USI]
Reaffirms prior Absorption Loan Guarantees policy statement. Opposes the linkage of loan guarantees to any issue unrelated to immigration absorption.

Endangered Jewish Communities
Reaffirms prior Oppressed Jewish Communities Policy Statements. Welcomes announcement by the US State Department that Syria has lifted restrictions on travel and disposition of property by Syrian Jews.

 


1993

Anti-Semitism And Racism In Germany
Expresses alarm over the series of racist, anti-Semitic and xenophobic attacks that have taken place in Germany. Welcomes actions taken by the German Government to combat neo-Nazi violence as well as demonstrations by German citizens against racism and intolerance. Urges all levels of German Government to firmly combat and deter neo-Nazi violence.

Atrocities In Bosnia-Herzegovina
Condemns the inaction of the world community and its failure to combat the atrocities of violence, ethnic cleansing, persecution and mass slaughter in Bosnia. Implores the free world, led by the United States, the United Nations and the European Community to condemn the atrocities and take measures, including lifting of the arms embargo and military air strikes, in order to halt the violence and slaughter in Bosnia.

Endangered Jewish Communities
Reaffirms prior Endangered Jewish Communities Policy Statements. Expresses concern for Jews in Syria since the government reversed its 1992 policy permitting Jews to travel freely. Urges the Clinton Administration to press President Assad to honor his commitment to allow Jews to leave Syria.

 


1994

Rwanda
Condemns the mass slaughter of hundreds of thousands of people in Rwanda because they belong to a certain group. Implores the United States and the international community to intensify relief efforts to stop the epidemic spread of disease and starvation among Rwandan refugees.

Terrorism* [TR]
Expresses outrage over terrorist bombings against Jewish and Israeli institutions around the world (notably in Argentina and Great Britain) by Islamic extremists and others attempting to destroy the peace process. Calls on Argentine and British governments to bring swift justice to these incidents. Urges the international community to take preventive measures against all extremist groups and to publicly condemn all acts of terrorism when they occur.

 


1995

Atrocities In Bosnia-Herzegovina
Reaffirms prior Policy Statements. Urges all military forces in the former Yugoslavia to refrain from attacking innocent civilians.

 


1997

Switzerland And The Holocaust
Expresses concern about Jewish assets deposited in Swiss banks before World War II and the revelations concerning Switzerland's relations with Nazi Germany. Welcomes recent moves by the Swiss Government and Swiss bankers to address these disturbing disclosures. Suggests that a full accounting and restitution of assets to survivors of the Shoah and the heirs of Jewish victims would be a positive step toward moral and legal accountability for acquiescence and involvement in the destruction of European Jewry.

 


1998

Anti-Semitism In Russia
Reaffirms prior concerns regarding the increased acts of anti-Semitism in Russia including vandalism of Jewish institutions, hostile public rhetoric by extremists and brutal beatings of Jews in Moscow. Calls on the Russian government to condemn all anti-Semitic activity. Asks the Russian Government to extend protection to its Jewish citizens and their institutions.

Anti-Semitism In Russia
Reaffirms prior concerns of increased anti-Semitic activity in Russia, especially anti-Semitic remarks by members of the Russian Parliament holding the Jews responsible for the social and economic problems that plague Russia today. Applauds the 31 members of the US Congress who wrote to President Yeltsin to express their outrage at the virulent anti-Semitic statements made by members of the Russian parliament. Urges the Russian parliament to prosecute these two members under the statute banning incitement of "ethnic strife."

 


1999

Issues Of Concern Regarding World Jewish Communities
Notes with concern the plight of Jewish communities in South Africa and Argentina where Jews have increasingly become the target of hate crimes. Calls on governments of these countries to ensure the protection of Jewish people, property and institutions by discouraging anti-Israel, anti-Zionist and anti-Semitic activity. Urges these governments to pass legislation making anti-ethnic incitement a crime and recommends increased student information campaigns to help foster an environment of respect and tolerance towards minority communities.

 


2002

Anti-Semitism and Anti-Zionism* [ZN,IME]
Calls on governments throughout the world to properly implement their own existing laws to combat anti-Semitic and anti-Zionist attacks, including investigating and prosecuting hate crimes against Jewish targets. Calls on Arab governments to stop the incitement that fuels these anti-Semitic and anti-Zionist attacks. Urges the US Administration to pressure world governments to act upon these suggestions.

 


2003

Holocaust Restitution
Believes that the continued effort to compensate the survivors and the heirs of Holocaust victims is imperative. Urges that all funds secured as restitution, including all traceable assets (i.e. property, bank accounts and insurance policy benefits) be directed to the support of living Holocaust survivors, as well as the heirs of the victims. Remaining funds should be used for the support of Holocaust education.

 


2004

Jews From Arab Lands
Resolves to help inform elected U.S. officials, international bodies, world leaders and the media, about the conditions under which Jews were displaced from Arab lands; their human and civil rights were violated in waves of pogroms that resulted in loss of human life, collective punishment, and the confiscation and destruction of individual and Jewish communal property.

Combating The Resurgence of Anti-Semitism* [ZN]
Urges all international bodies and heads of state to condemn anti-Semitism in the strongest possible terms and to establish or intensify their efforts to track, investigate, and prosecute those responsible for anti-Semitic hate crimes

 

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Zionism

POLICY STATEMENTS


1982

World Zionist Congress
Urges the Hadassah delegation to the December 1982 World Zionist Congress to carry forth the principle of non-party Zionism in an effort to curb factionalism and advance the common agenda of the Zionist Movement.

 


1983

The Jerusalem Program
Welcomes the decision of the Jewish Agency to adopt the Jerusalem program. This resolution commits the Jewish Agency to an affirmation of Jewish unity, the centrality of Israel in Jewish life and the importance of aliyah and Jewish education in the free world.


1985

Freedom, Justice and Peace in Israel* [IME]
Strongly condemns the racist overtones in Meir Kahane's ideology. Rejects Kahane's definition of Zionism as inherently undemocratic. Notes with pride Israel's record as a model democracy. Reaffirms the principles of freedom and justice stated in Israel's Declaration of Independence.

Reaffirmation of Zionism* [UN]
Reaffirms the belief that Zionism is the "fulfillment of the Jewish People's right to self-determination and to live in freedom, democracy and independence in its ancient homeland, Israel." Condemns any linkage between Zionism and racism, especially the 1975 UN General Assembly Resolution 3379, which is itself a form of bigotry and anti-Semitism. Pledges support to counter damage done by this resolution. Commends the United States Congress for its passage of joint resolution S.J. 98 condemning United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379.


1986

31st Zionist Congress
Hails the accomplishments of the World Zionist Organization in anticipation of the 90th anniversary of the First World Zionist Congress. States that Hadassah's representation at the 31st Zionist Congress should reflect the strength of its numbers.


1987

31st Zionist Congress
Reaffirms prior 31st Zionist Congress policy statement. Notes that Hadassah's delegation to the Congress will press the World Zionist Organization to develop and support new programs for strengthening Jewish and Zionist education in the Diaspora, increase its financial support for Zionist youth movements, take steps to improve the integration of western aliyah, and reorganize the Zionist Executive to make it smaller and more cost efficient.

 


1990

Elections To The World Zionist Congress
Notes recent decision by Hadassah's National Board not to participate in future elections to the World Zionist Congress in order to use resources previously expended on the costly and politically divisive elections in more practical and positive ways. Expresses intent to remain fully involved in the Zionist Movement and hopes that the World Zionist Organization will reform its structure and constitution to make the Zionist Movement more effective.

The UN Anti-Zionist Resolution* [UN]
Reaffirms prior Reaffirmation of Zionism policy statement. Reaffirms determination to achieve repeal of the 1975 UN resolution equating Zionism with racism. Calls upon all governments to repeal the UN resolution. Welcomes the Bush Administration's commitment to this cause.

 


1991

The UN Anti-Zionist Resolution* [UN]
Reaffirms prior UN Anti-Zionist Resolution policy statement. Notes that the resolution has been the "spearhead of a vicious Arab-sponsored campaign to challenge Israel's legitimacy."

 


1997

100th Anniversary Of The Zionist Movement, 50th Anniversary Of The State Of Israel
Celebrates the 100th anniversary of the convening of the First World Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland and the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel. Urges the American Jewish Community to join.

 


2002

Anti-Semitism and Anti-Zionism* [IME, WJ/HR]
Calls on governments throughout the world to properly implement their own existing laws to combat anti-Semitic and anti-Zionist attacks, including investigating and prosecuting hate crimes against Jewish targets. Calls on Arab governments to stop the incitement that fuels these anti-Semitic and anti-Zionist attacks. Urges the US Administration to pressure world governments to act upon these suggestions.

 


2004

Combating The Resurgence of Anti-Semitism* [WJ/HR]
Urges all international bodies and heads of state to condemn anti-Semitism in the strongest possible terms and to establish or intensify their efforts to track, investigate, and prosecute those responsible for anti-Semitic hate crimes

Pro-Israel Activity On Campus* [IME]
Calls upon university administrators and professors to ensure that those Jewish students and academic personnel who exercise their first amendment rights to express their support for Israel on campus are not penalized by university officials. Hadassah further calls upon university officials to take every step to protect Jewish students and academic personnel from intimidation and violence on campus.

Middle East Studies* [IME],[US/USI]
Based on a long standing commitment to ensuring that education is factually accurate and unbiased, Hadassah recognizes the value of Middle East studies programs and calls upon the federal government to continue funding these programs through Title VI. Hadassah additionally recommends the establishment of an advisory board to work with Congress and the Secretary of Education to suggest ways in which recipients of Title VI grants can assure that they are presenting fair and objective courses and programs that are consistent with the value of academic integrity. Finally, Hadassah strongly recommends that this advisory board carefully balance its monitoring duties with a commitment to academic freedom for both students and professors, striving to enhance opportunities for dialogue on campus, while not exercising undue influence over students and professors.

 

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